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Analysis of American School-selecting System in Basic Education Stage

Author: DongYanMei
Tutor: GuYu
School: Northeast Normal University
Course: Comparative Education
Keywords: Basic Education School Choice Education Fair Optimization measures
CLC: G639.712
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 155
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Choosing choice of education as a normal behavior, since ancient times, such as Meng Mu moved three. Since the 1990s, China has promulgated the \Government's policy is actually canceled the order of school choice, but to money, the right to school choice phenomenon will come into being, and is repeated. Stage of basic education school choice has become a common concern of this community an educational focus, for school choice debate continues endlessly, uncompromising supporters and opponents, but so far no conclusion. Choosing properly solve the problem for China's basic education reform carried out smoothly is important. America's school choice reforms over 30 years history, has accumulated a wealth of experience, you can choose the type of increasing school choice system are maturing. Therefore, the United States became an important object of this study, but also hope that through the development of research on the U.S. and Central School Choice School Choice comparative analysis can be done: on the one hand from the theoretical level, deepen their understanding of school choice, and its re- interpretation, as school choice problems provide important theoretical basis; hand from a practical level, learn from the U.S. experience in reform school choice, school choice system perspective of its formation, as well as specific mechanism to solve our country's school choice effective optimization suggestions put forward, so as to promote the deepening of reform of basic education development and realization of educational equity. The main contents include the following parts: the first chapter from the social impact of school choice system factors and the theoretical basis of the two aspects of the U.S. system of basic education school choice the background analysis. The first stage of basic education of American social impact of school choice system factors, social factors, including: the impact of globalization, the public school system inefficient, schools of thought influence; secondly analysis stage of basic education school choice system in the United States resulting theoretical basis, The theoretical basis of education and educational equity theory choice theory. The second chapter analyzes the major form of school choice system (ie, public schools, private schools, vouchers, education tax credits, school district or inter-district choice options and open enrollment, etc.) the meaning of the basic characteristics and operating conditions. Chapter III starting from education, educational process, three aspects of educational outcomes, school choice system to analyze the presence of various forms of educational equity and value orientation. Through analysis, the author for the American School system overall positive attitude. Although the U.S. school choice system in the formation and development process, there are some problems and difficulties, but in terms of theory or practical point of view, school choice system have achieved certain results. Chapter IV, respectively, from the U.S. government, students and parents and school community on the point of view of basic education school choice attitude. Chapter V analyzes the problems of school choice, and put forward suggestions to solve the problem of school choice, including: the transformation of government attitude, legislative guidance, school choice and the combination of the nearest school; weak schools and to increase public support for private schools efforts to promote the balanced development of education; introduction of educational voucher system to ensure that all students freedom of choice; establish Chinese characteristics magnet schools and charter schools to provide diversified, personalized education; emphasis on parental involvement in education, the establishment of effective parental - Teacher Partnership; establish educational consulting service platform for parents, students, school choice to help.

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