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Black Death and the UK population

Author: LiHuaCheng
Tutor: GuZuoZhai
School: Qufu Normal University
Course: World History
Keywords: Black Death Population Research New Population Theory Catastrophic death Britain Population Development Population and economy Plague natural foci Agricultural practices Foreignness
CLC: K561.3
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2003
Downloads: 493
Quote: 6
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Black Death is a major event in the history of Europe, has a profound effect on the development of the society, to which Western scholars discussed. However, they are often based on some kind of social and demographic development of theory-based inference of necessity, the role of the Black Death, ignoring the Black Death itself, which resulted in a lot of misunderstanding. On the understanding of the basis of the Black Death itself, the relationship between the Black Death and the UK population development were discussed. Western scholars comment on the discussion of the plague in the first part of this article. Have a significant impact in the Western academia \under the action of the population of the sharp decline, to create the conditions for a new round of development. In this theory, the plague as a 'necessity' event, and its role is fading. Other scholars on the demographic patterns of the criticism, but still not enough attention given to the Black Death. In this paper, the \In this regard, three aspects are discussed. Firstly, in the second part discusses the etiology of the Black Death \In recent years, the Western academia deny the Black Death plague of the thesis, which makes the Black Death \This refuted the Black Death bubonic plague to say was amended. This paper argues that, from the etiological point of view, the Black Death plague, in the beginning of the outbreak of bubonic plague, and then developed into a variety of plague concurrent pulmonary plague is particularly evident, and may induce the onset of certain endemic diseases. Because Europe does not have the plague natural foci, the alien of the Black Death is no doubt. Social conditions before the Black Death may be to create the conditions for the spread of the plague, but they are inherent in the situation in the long-term stable structure, and according to a 'necessity' can not be used as the Black Death. Secondly, the paper pointed out, in the third part of the socio-demographic development before the Black Death, does not necessarily lead to the Black Death disaster. The end of the 13th century and early 14th century, the slowdown in the rate of population growth, and a certain degree of decline. The so-called \However, taking into account the presence of these factors is necessary, but should not be exaggerated. New Population Theory only see people as consumers, not realizing the importance of people as producers. As producers, not only the production of food items they need, but also to face up to adversity positive adjustment. This adjustment, first performance in moderation on fertility, followed by the performance from extensive to intensive changes in agricultural practices, the latter of which is particularly important. The estimation results also proved that the population did not \However, the end of the 12th century, with the advent of wheatgrass door, the climate gradually deteriorate, which gives the adjustment efforts of people with difficulties. Originally, climate change is a long-time behavior, people will gradually adapt to, but this adaptation is a \Again, in the fourth part focuses on the impact of the Black Death on the development of the UK population. In 1348, the Black Death arrived in England, and spread rapidly across the country, with the correct @ mortality is amazing. According to church documents, the total tenant figures provided by the death investigation records Manor files directly, we estimate that the mortality rate of the whole of the UK, between 30% to 45%. Black Death is more important is that it sowed the seeds of the plague, frequent outbreaks of plague in the next hundred years, this has caused mortality of cool people, on the other hand, severely reducing people's fertility , resulting in long-term stagnation of the population. And the current evidence, the the plague mortality reduction, it is also the population since the mid-15th century to restore the most important reason.

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CLC: > History, geography > European History > Western Europe > Britain > Medieval History (450 ~ 1640 )
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