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The Strategic Thought of Mao Ze-dong’s Seeking Normal Sino-American Relations

Author: LiuDaYu
Tutor: MoZhiBin
School: Hunan Normal University
Course: Modern Chinese History
Keywords: Mao Zedong Sino-US relations Normalization Strategic thinking
CLC: D829
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2003
Downloads: 278
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Mao Zedong and Mao Zedong Thought, the the diplomatic field research is still a weak link. Academia overall research articles and writings of Mao Zedong and the Sino-US relations, while not uncommon, but the sake of discussion, or conduct historical Reorganizing research, to show readers Mao Zedong process of understanding and practice of the United States, seeking to Mao Zedong normal Sino-US relations the strategic rational analysis and thinking as a whole, there are still insufficient. Therefore, through the study of the overall strategic thinking of Mao Zedong to seek the normalization of Sino-US relations will help to deepen our understanding of the first generation of Chinese Communist leaders Mao Zedong at the core Figure how sinister international environment the survival of the Chinese nation, to broaden diplomatic space, enhance strategic decision-making of China's international status. Philosophical thinking, and show that the implementation of the U.S. diplomatic strategy in China should have its own diplomatic philosophy. The text is divided into five parts: the introduction of an overview of Mao Zedong before the founding of the United States diplomatic advocate. Strategic shift in thinking the locus (1950-1972) to seek the normalization of Sino-US relations in the first part of Mao Zedong, mainly discusses the strategic change trajectories four stages: (a) the Korean War and the Sino-US confrontation. (B) of the Taiwan Strait crisis and the Sino-US \(C) of Vietnamese and Sino-US confrontation. (D) Nixon's visit to China and Sino-US reconciliation. The second part of Mao Zedong Strategic Thinking to seek the normalization of Sino-US relations, mainly to explore five aspects: (a) in principle, a high degree of initiative and flexibility unified. Mao Zedong in a firm national stand on the initiative to seek the improvement of Sino-US relations, take the specific strategy is flexible and change according to the changing situation. (B) the combination of ideology and national interests. Mao Zedong's emphasis on ideology, but is not limited by ideology, consider more basic national interests, security and economic interests, and ideology as a tool in the diplomatic strategy. (C) the use of the inevitable choice of \Mao Zedong by checks and balances to achieve the goal of detente with the United States. (D) The realism and idealism mutual penetration. Mao Zedong in the overall strategy to seek the normalization of Sino-US relations is realistic and pragmatic, but there are a lot of idealism ingredients. (E) an independent positioning with the contradictions of the alliance strategy. The Mao Zedong advocating independence, adopted a strategy of alliance with the Soviet Union against the United States. Sino-US reconciliation in real terms is also a quasi-alliance. Independence and alliance between Mao Zedong hovering, trying to move towards the full sense of independence. The third part of the philosophy of Mao Zedong to seek the normalization of Sino-US relations in the strategic thinking, mainly in the following five areas: (a) a world perspective view of Sino-US relations, Sino-US relations flexible methodology. (B) On Contradiction to observe the Sino-US relations, emphasizing the use of the philosophy of struggle, the struggle to capture the opportunity to improve Sino-US relations. (C) to the epistemology of practice as a guide to a better understanding of the United States, to recognize common strategic interests between China and the United States. (D) emphasizes the Historical Materialism specific use to recognize the strength for diplomatic backing. (E) emphasis on popular support, the fight for the support of the people of the world. Conclusion: the normalization of Sino-US relations is the result of Mao ongoing efforts, which has experienced a tortuous process, the U.S. diplomatic strategy, philosophical thought, and reflects the deep philosophy, both ambitious view of the world, have a flexible methodology of contemporary Sino-US relations has a lot of inspiration.

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CLC: > Political, legal > Diplomacy, international relations > Chinese Foreign > Chinese diplomatic history,foreign relations history
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