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Realization of Figure-Ground Theory in Chinese Idioms

Author: ZhaoXiaoJuan
Tutor: ZhangZaiHong
School: Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Course: Foreign Linguistics and Applied Linguistics
Keywords: Graphics - Background Theory Chinese idioms Actualization Artistic conception
CLC: H315.9
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 128
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Graphics - Background theory is the spatial organization of a basic cognitive principles that originated in psychology. It is a psychologist, especially Gestalt psychologists used to study the perceptual field (mainly auditory and visual) and describe spatial organization approach. Its theoretical content refers to the composition of the graphics and the background field of any perception, one can not perceive the graphics and the background, only detects the pattern, the first zone to be perceived as \part is called the \This phenomenon is called \Established in the 1970s in opposition to the truth conditions then prevailing semantic and linguistic mainstream generative grammar on the basis of cognitive linguistics, is widely used in the interpretation or the study of human linguistic phenomenon, and fully with other disciplines combined. Graphics - Background principle of separation of cognitive linguists since it was used to study the structure of language began Talmy significance especially after the meaning of the word orientation, cognitive linguistics has become an important theoretical and conceptual content as the language of an organization basic cognitive principles. In addition to Talmy, Langacker, Ungerer, who extensively use the theory to explain the significance of Prepositions syntactic analysis as well as outside, as represented by Stockwell cognitive poetics further explore the scope of the theory in the discourse or the role of literary works . Western-based graphics - background theory, Chinese scholars have also done a lot of research for the English corpus work, fruitful, but the authors found that the current use of the theory of Chinese idioms research is still lacking. This article briefly describes the cognitive linguistics and pattern - background theory of the origin and development, and an overview of the application of the theory of Chinese and foreign, summarized the definition of Chinese idioms, structure and Chinese idioms mood reflected. Because graphics - background theory is the spatial structure of a human basic cognitive principles, the relationship between the expression can be understood by the preposition positional relationship, in turn, said the significance of spatial prepositions can be understood as a pattern - background relationship. By studying cognitive linguists to study the significance of prepositions graphics - background relations. In Chinese idioms, there are also a lot of table space orientation prepositions, so from the point of view to study Prepositions Chinese idiom is the author of the approach adopted. Author of \In addition, this paper also uses Langacker, Ungerer et al analyzed the perspectives of Chinese idioms verbs, nouns or noun phrases juxtaposition, which means that the time structure of the event and found that Chinese \In the presentation graphics - background theory in the reality of Chinese idioms way, the authors further explore the theory constructed with Chinese idioms mood can have an effect. According to statistics, a total of 2,218 idiomatic expressions Graphics - Background relationship, in which the expression of idioms through Prepositions are 248, expressed through the verb phrase has 845, through the expression of a noun phrase structure juxtaposed with 818, by the time the event structure There are 145 idioms expressed by the Chinese character \With this discovery by analyzing the cognitive theory can help readers build a deep understanding of idioms idioms mood and meaning. Cognitive science graphics - Background Theory and Chinese idioms combination should be regarded as a manifestation of the enormous explanatory power of the theory, and research Chinese idioms, showing profound meaning and charm of Chinese idioms preferred entry point.

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