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Structure of Sung Dynasty Imitation Wood Tombs

Author: ZhaoMingXing
Tutor: FengEnXue
School: Jilin University
Course: Archaeology and Museology
Keywords: Graves Timber-framed Brick tomb Vinyl And parallel Type Single-chamber Late Northern Song Create a way Origin explore
CLC: K878
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2004
Downloads: 342
Quote: 3
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Abstract


With the continuous publication of the material about the tombs of woodimitation structure (仿木构墓葬) of the Sung dynasty, it is possible for us tostudy it deeply. The article collects the material about the tombs of woodimitation structure of the Sung dynasty as much as possible, and then researchessystematically the types of it. This article consists of seven sections. First section: Foreword At first, we explain the significance of the tombs of wood imitationstructure, and it means that the tombs are constructed in the way of imitating thewood structure architecture above ground. Then, the article introduces thediscoveries and research on the tombs of wood imitation structure of the Sungdynasty. The tombs of wood imitation structure of the Sung dynasty werediscovered in most areas of the Sung dynasty, and they assume some regularityin time and space. The material of the article on the tombs of wood imitation structure of theSung dynasty has appeared not sufficient in the past, and the researches were notsystematic either. This article focuses on the types of it by using the theory andmethodology of Archaeology, and researches it with the regional difference,developing regularities, the relations of all the regions, the resources andspreading of the tombs of wood imitation structure of the Sung dynasty. Second section: Classification First the tombs of wood imitation structure of the Sung dynasty is classifiedinto five groups based on the differences among parts of the wood imitatedstructure, and then, I display the demarcation of the types of these five groupsone by one according to the differences of the constructing fashions, the numberand layout of the chamber, the shape of the chamber The first kind of tombs inscribed with integral bracket system, includes thebrick-chambered tomb or stone structures tomb and cave tomb. The above type includes single-chamber, the double-chamber with frontchamber and back chamber or one beside another one, the tomb with sidechamber, the tomb with more than four chambers another around the central one. The second kind of tombs inscribed with column without arch, includesbrick-chambered tomb or stone structures tomb and the tomb falling into somelayers. This type includes single-chamber and double-chamber one besideanother one. The third kind of tombs inscribed with wood imitation structure niche in the 50<WP=55>吉林大学硕士学位论文 宋代仿木构墓葬形制研究chamber and without wood imitation structure place else, includes thebrick-chambered and stone structures tomb and cave tomb. The type includes single-chamber and double-chamber with front chamberand back chamber or one beside another one, the tombs with four chambers onebehind one beside the other two existing as the same form. The forth kind of tombs inscribed with mimic door and window one thewall of the chamber, includes the brick-chambered tomb and stone-structurestomb with door or without door. Both of them can be divided into two types: thesingle-chamber and double-chamber one beside another one. Only the door of the fifth kind of tombs is constructed with the woodimitation structure form. They are all brick-chambered or stone structures tomb,and include single-chamber and double-chamber one beside another one. Third section: the study on the different regions The central region of the tombs of different types is different from oneanother, and in a certain region the number of the tombs of different types isdifferent either, so the article divides the tombs of wood imitation structure of theSung dynasty into six regions. In the first region the mass of the tombs is the quadratic double brickchamber. Mimic door and window are popular in this region. In the secondregion the mass of the tombs is the several angle double brick tombs. Mimicdoor, window, table a

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CLC: > History, geography > Cultural Relics and Archaeology > China 's Cultural Relics and Archaeology > Ruins
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