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Study on the Supply of Rural Public Product in Building the New Socialist Countryside

Author: ShengHaiYan
Tutor: ZhangShiYun
School: Anhui Agricultural University
Course: Technology Economics and Management
Keywords: New countryside-construction Rural public product Supply mechanism Anhui province
CLC: F320
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2007
Downloads: 301
Quote: 3
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Abstract


The historical task of building a new socialist countryside has been put forward by the Fifth Plenary Session of the sixteenth Central Committee.At the end of 2005,the State council issued an announcement concerning some opinions on propel the construction of new socialist countryside.The announcement emphasized that we should strengthen rural infrastructure to improve the material conditions on the construction of new socialist countryside.We should enhance the construction of farmland irrigation and water conservancy,the construction of the quality of cultivated land and the ecological environment.We should accelerate development the rural social undertakings,the rural compulsory education,the rural public health,the rural cultural and art undertakings.We should set up the social security system gradually,etc.It is obvious that,in order to build the new socialist countryside well,we should improve and strengthen the provision of rural public product.Under the strategic background that building the new socialist countryside,this paper begin with the elementary theory of rural public product,using the theories of the public finance,of the public product,of the balance development among different regions and national treatment,of the institutional economics,of the political economy comprehensively,insisting the principle of combining the specs analysis and positive study, of combining the qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis,of combining the static analysis and dynamic analysis,at the same time,this paper combines the practical situation in Anhui province,analyzing the historical development on the supply progress of rural public product and the present situation,proving the specific policies and measures on the system change on the provide progress of rural public product,on the subject of investment of rural public product,on the channel of investment of rural public product,then put forward the countermeasure and suggestion on the provide of rural public product in the new situation.Firstly,this paper reviews relevant research theories and production in home and abroad,which are related to the supply of public product.On this basis,this chapter begin with the theoretical analysis of rural public product,explaining the definition,classify, character,the mode of provide and the optimal supply theory of public product.This chapter lied a solid foundation for the whole passage.Secondly,this paper researches the system change on the supply of rural public product,and contrast analysis the supply mechanism in different periods from the mechanism of fund procurement,the mechanism of the expression of demand,the mechanism of the decision of supply.The analyses show:there have been some changes on the supply system of rural public product,showing the tendency gradually which is the multiple forms of the subject of supply.But,the supply mechanism of rural public product has not been fundamentally changed,and there wcrc still some institutional defects in it, such as:the unreasonable division of responsibility,the serious phenomena in the displacement of the subject of supply,the supply of external system of the rural public product and the external system’s,from top to bottom,decision mechanism of the supply of rural public product,etc.These institutional defects lead to the lack of the supply of rural public product,the distortion of the structure of supply,the great differences on the supply level of public product between urban and rural areas.Furthermore,take Anhui as an example,this part make positive study on the situation of the supply of rural public product.By analyzing the situation of the investment on rural public infrastructure,of the rural compulsory education,of the rural public health and social security,elaborates the achievement and the existing problems,and point out the serious fact that the supply of public product,including the investment on rural public infrastructure,the rural compulsory education,the rural public health and social security, arc inadcquatc.Then,this essay summarizes the existing problems on the supply of rural public product and explains the reason on the existing problems,and reconstructs the supply mechanism of rural public product from the design of the supply mechanism of rural public product,the design of the supply subject,the design of the channel supply,the system innovation of supply.Finally,this paper advances somc suggestions on the cnhanccmcnt of the supply of rural public product.Wc should keep the scientific concept of development and firmly implant in mind three idcas;strengthen the organizational leadership and emphasize the reforms of township and town institutions;exert the main channel function of public finance on agricultural investment and improve the rural public infrastructure;build the multiple forms mcchanism of input and expand the channel of fund procurement;step up our efforts to promote the reform of cooperative mcdical services in rural areas and increase input in rural fundamental education;provide the information safeguard measures for the supply of rural public product.

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