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A Study on the Reform of the Collective Forestry System in Anhui Province

Author: XiaHao
Tutor: RuanWenBiao
School: Anhui Agricultural University
Course: Management of land resources
Keywords: Anhui Province collective forestry right system reform
CLC: F301.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 57
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Abstract


The collective forestry property right system is the important component of thesocialist forestry relations of production, is the based system arrangement of theadjustment of forestry economic relationship. Since the founding of New China, thechanges in collective forest right system of Anhui province have experienced five stages:the land reform period" mountain forest to households", the agricultural cooperation period" forest into the club", people commune period " forest collective ownership, unifiedmanagement", initial stage of reform and opening-up " forestry3calm" and the period ofconstruction of a well-off society “modern forestry property right system reform”.Anhui province is the important southern collective forest zone,the development offorestry economy has important real significance and far-reaching historical significancefor the mountainous farmers to take off deficient to become rich, to improve ruralecological environment and to promote the rural economy society to coordinateddevelopment. Reform of collective forest right system is a multi target systemengineering, relates to forest, forest area and overall forestry situation, involves an widearea, interest in complex. As a result of reform region widely, regional differences inconditions and institutional change path dependence make the current reform may not gosmoothly. Therefore, to conduct a serious research is the earnest need. By analyzing andsummarizing the experience and lesson about the previous forest system change, takinghistory as a mirror, in view of the current problems in forest reform, properly to analyzethe reasons, to put forward the countermeasure of difficult problem is very significant todeepen collective forest reform, liberate and develop rural productivity, ensure the reformconduct steadily.This paper is based on the theory of property rights, institutional change andinnovation theory, forest property rights theory and public goods theory as the foundation,the history of the collective forest right system of Anhui province was studied seriously,analyzing the basic reason of forest property right reform, the institutional equilibriumcondition in the different historical stages, and collective forest policy problems to ourcountry were analyzed from the macroscopical angle of view. The background,achievements and the existing problems on the collective forest system reform in Anhuiprovince were analyzed from the perspective of New Institutional Economics, and throughthe case investigation the author pointed out the rural production performance and theproblems to be solved, put forward the policy suggestion on collective forestry sustainable development. The full text is divided into six parts.The first part is the introduction, the background, significance and purpose of thestudy were described, followed by the review and commentary on the domestic andinternational research, finally the research methods, technical route, possible innovationand shortage were introduced.The second part is the basic theories and related concepts, the correlated conceptswere definited and the related theories were interpretated to establish the theoreticalfoundation for the study.In the third part, the history about the collective forestry right system changes ofAnhui province were reviewed and evaluated, the reasons of the system changes andinstitutional equilibrium were analyzed by using the theory of institutional changes,finallythe main problems of collective forest property right system were analyzed from thenational level.In the fourth part,the current reform of the collective forest right system in Anhui wasanalyzed and discussed deeply.The fifth part is the field investigation, through farmer questionnaire about the typicalcity of the forest system changes--Xia Lin village, Shi Qiao village and NanJi village inNingguo City, the author understook the performance and problems further to be solved onthe collective forest tenure reform in the countryside, in order to direct to deepen the foresttenure reform.The sixth part is the policy proposals, through the analysis on the collective forestsystem change in Anhui Province, according to " clear droits, liven management rights,ensure income rights, implement disposal rights " principle, to deepen collective forestreform the author put forward the policy suggestions from the policy guidance, financialsupport, organizational security and so on.In this paper, the possible innovation lies in: analyzing all the collective forest rightsystem changes in Anhui province by using the economic theory of system supply anddemand, the theory of institutional change, finding out the running performance andexisting problems in the village to provide the policy suggestions for the sustainabledevelopment of forest resources by using participatory social survey of the law on the casevillages′farmers.

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