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Study on Mode of Rural Land Consolidation in Quanyan Town, Erdao, Changchun City

Author: ZhangYanJun
Tutor: LiuHuiQing
School: Northeast Normal University
Course: Natural and geographical
Keywords: Land Consolidation Mode Farmland Consolidation Spring town
CLC: F301
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 125
Quote: 0
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Land Consolidation is our current rational organization of land use, to coordinate the relationship to the land, protect the ecological environment, intensive, saving an important means of the use of land resources, but also an important land management sector job content. China's land less arable land per capita is less than 1/3 of the world's arable land per capita. Accounted for 22% of the world's population, accounted for 7% of the world's arable land to feed the pressing issues facing our government's primary solution. In recent years, the world's food crisis is worsening, food prices are rising, no long-term policy to import food from abroad, one of the solutions to this problem is to strengthen the soil. Consolidation, and tap the potential of land development and utilization. Land Consolidation long-standing, the historical background of each country is different, the pattern of land consolidation. Firstly, based on the lessons learn from foreign land consolidation, combined with the characteristics of the socio-economic development of our country at this stage, land consolidation in China should focus on the agricultural land consolidation. Our country to carry out land consolidation in the modern sense of the late, finishing with foreign also has a larger difference: foreign current land consolidation is to improve and protect the ecological environment for the purpose; land consolidation in China's main goal is to increase the cultivated area to improve the level of concentration of land, and improve the agricultural ecological environment. Second, drawing on the research of scholars, analyze and summarize the main mode of land consolidation: economically developed areas of land consolidation mode; economically less developed areas of special land consolidation mode; the single poor mountain land consolidation mode. Economically developed regions, on the one hand, the relative shortage of arable land, agricultural land reserve relative lack of resources; the other hand, the relatively well-developed township enterprises and agricultural and sideline, the strength of the collective economy, mining land potential, the masses happy to participate in land consolidation, government guidance Rural Land Consolidation enthusiasm, funds have greater protection, therefore, a high degree of government involvement and organization, easy to form the City organization and leadership at the county level, the specific implementation of the organizational model of the township-level units, generally used in agricultural land consolidation consolidate mode. Economically less developed areas is not high degree of land use, mostly for traditional agricultural areas, collective economy is weak, the commodity economy developed in a closed and semi-closed state, small-scale agricultural production, financing difficulties, the general use of \mode. Backward economically underdeveloped agricultural infrastructure in poor mountainous areas, although the higher the aspirations of people of the land consolidation, but subject to financial and technical, finishing only a single land reorganization, bidding and contracting. Again, on the basis of the summary of China's land consolidation model, summed up the process of land consolidation. Finally, two District, Changchun City, the spring town industrious village and Zhao village in the study area, the RS and GIS platform to conduct in-depth analysis of the natural, social and economic situation of the area, do not use suitability evaluation of cultivated land quality quantitative description summarized the issues of land use: (1) Rural Residential Land extensive large area; ⑵ ecological vegetation coverage is low; ⑶ uncoordinated land proportion of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery; ⑷ soil organic matter content decreased, arable land reduced quality, low-yielding fields more; ⑸ unsound agricultural infrastructure. According to the economic analysis, and it is in the urban and rural staggered characteristics, identify research areas in order to consolidate national investment mainly special finishing supplemented by mode. Lead to mode combined with on-site investigation, planning and design of land consolidation programs, and analyze the social, ecological and economic benefits of finishing the program pre-generated. At the same time, land consolidation implementation of administrative, economic and technical means.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > Agricultural economic theory > Land Economics
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