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On the Incentive Regulation of Natural Monopoly Industries in China

Author: WangRui
Tutor: FuZuoWei
School: Harbin Engineering University
Course: Management Science and Engineering
Keywords: Natural monopoly Incentive regulation Price cap regulation Access control
CLC: F279.2
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 463
Quote: 1
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Abstract


Since the 1970s, with the advancement of technology and economic development, the developed market economy countries began in the natural monopoly industries to relax or abolish price and access regulation is characterized by reforms aimed at solving by introducing market competition mechanism under strict controls monopoly inefficiencies in order to achieve social welfare maximization. The reform of China's natural monopoly industries began in the 1980s, mainly for the price and the pre-distribution system and other issues, from 1998 onwards, with the socialist market economic system reform, regulatory reform and gradually turned to shape the competitive landscape, building market-based control regimes. Natural monopoly industries is the modern incentive regulation mechanism design theory application in the field of government regulation is mainly to solve the traditional mechanism design theory due to the limitations of the information structure assuming there resulting in the control of the process of practice incentive incompatibility problems arise, the ultimate goal is to improve the operational efficiency of natural monopoly and national overall welfare. This article is based on the background of China's natural monopoly industries for incentive regulation issues in-depth study. Firstly, the causes of natural monopolies and natural monopolies border issues were studied. Through modern natural monopoly system has the structural properties of the essential characteristics of network analysis, innovative system architecture proposed due to network attribute determines the network resource scarcity and high cost of settling, and therefore decided to natural monopoly fundamental factor is the network system architecture attributes this \On this basis, the natural monopoly industries were re-defined, and only such as telecommunications networks, transmission and distribution grid and the water pipe network and other structural properties of the network by the system constitute a trade or business links, is a typical natural monopoly industries or natural monopolies business links. Secondly, the paper highlights the Government to achieve the public interest objective it is necessary to have a responsibility to carry out controls on natural monopolies, while emphasizing and promoting business efficiency incentive regulation increased the need for reform, for stimulating natural monopoly regulatory reform, proposed on the one hand to build incentive price regulation model, on the other hand you want to enter the competition effectively under the control of, and carried out research for the two parties. In building incentive price regulation model, focuses on the enterprises under price cap regulation incentives and access to information to improve the quality of products and services incentive problems. Build a revenue-sharing mechanism for information acquisition incentive regulation model, and through the model show that the introduction of revenue sharing mechanism price cap regulation than pure price cap regulation is more effective incentives for business to acquire valuable technical and market information. Construct a control parameter for investment price control model, and through the model show that regulators make monopolies providing quality requirements in line with consumer products or services through the optimal control of contracts designed to achieve a pure price cap regulation can not effectively solve the problem of improving the quality of products and services can be integrated with the investment and the price control mechanism to achieve. On this basis, for the development of China's electric power industry and the status of regulatory reform, regulatory reform and pointed out the direction of the power industry, combined with the transmission side of the power industry price controls, to build a distribution link based on DEA and prices Yardstick cap regulation model, made a variety of incentive combination of comprehensive price control price control mode. Access control is a natural monopoly industry incentive regulation is another important research into the control is through restrictions on corporate investment behavior, to avoid the natural monopoly of the \How to enter the competition effectively under control, they become inefficient monopolies to solve the key problem. We build up a market entry strategy permeability investment behavior model, through the analysis of regulatory incentives to accommodate, given the introduction of competition in natural monopoly conditions, that as technology advances and market demand changes in the structure, regulators respond to natural monopolized industry market penetration accommodate permission granted entry strategy in order to achieve access control under moderate competition, combined with China's telecommunications industry, regulatory reform, permeability entry strategy for the implementation of the empirical analysis.

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