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Contemporary Chinese Philosophy of political transition

Author: FengJianHui
Tutor: HanQingXiang
School: The Central Party School
Course: The philosophy of Marxism
Keywords: Reform of Political System Social Level Structure New Style of Social Structure Power Structure
CLC: D621
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 404
Quote: 1
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Abstract


The purpose of this dissertation is to discuss the practical path of the reform of China’s political system from the angle of view of philosophy. Under the precondition of sticking to the nature of Marxist philosophy, based on China’s actual conditions, through the study of the history of Chinese traditional politics, it suggests that we should achieve the goal of accelerating the reform of China’s political system from traditional to modern from the viewpoint of social structure and find out the general direction of the reform of China’s political system. The dissertation consists of five parts.The introduction tells us the reasons and significances of writing this dissertation and combs the fruits and publications of other researchers. Furthermore, it introduces the main methods used in the dissertation and summarizes the innovations and insufficiencies of this dissertation.In chapter one, a definition of the reform of political system is enunciated. The main purpose of this chapter is to figure out the definitions. Through the analysis of definition of politics, traditional politics, modern politics, politics reform, it puts forward the suggestion of studying the reform of political system from the standpoint of philosophy.In chapter two, historic observation of the reform of political system is combed. The cream in the history of Chinese society development, the evolution of the history of western reform of political system and Marxism’s theories concerning the reform of political system are three main theoretical resources to analyze the reform of China’s political system.In chapter three, basis of the reform of political system is examined. The author focuses on the macro process of Chinese social structure and its influences upon the relationship between government and citizens to find out the basis of the reform of political system. This chapter mainly expounds the following two conclusions: First, social structure changes resulting from market economy is the root cause of the reform of political system; Second, the direct reason of the reform of political system lies in the changes of relation modes between government and people.In chapter four, Chinese politics evoluting: from traditional politics to modern politics is revealed. This chapter will answer the questions about the objects and goals of the reform of political system in contemporary China. This dissertation is to make an investigation into the formation of traditional Chinese politics and its characteristics; to analyze the secular basis of Chinese traditional politics, namely Pyramid structure of traditional social level; to elucidate that the secular basis, which is social level structure, has negative effects on the process of modernization in contemporary Chinese society; and finally, to put forward the topics for“what issues to transform”,“which direction to reform”in political reform.In Chapter five, the overall direction of the reform of political system in China is designed. In the last chapter, this dissertation tries to answer the question that is“how to achieve the goal of this reform”from the perspective of political philosophy, if the third chapter and the fourth chapter were used to answer the questions respectively about“why to reform”and“what kind of reform to achieve”. This dissertation is designing the overall direction of the reform of political system in contemporary China successively from the following four aspects. Firstly, the guidance of concept: to discard power-standard, and to establish competence-standard based on justice; secondly, the separation of fields: to reform the social level structure, and to institute a new social structure of three-dimensional restriction; thirdly, to reshape the structure of power, and to achieve the goal of reform of power structure; fourthly, to promote political reform in contemporary China with institutional innovation.This dissertation studies the reform of political system in contemporary China from the perspective of political philosophy, and has theoretical value and practical significance. The theoretical value is that this dissertation is attempting to provide a new perspective for political reform in contemporary China. The practical significance is to push forward the construction of socialist political civilization with Chinese characteristics, deepen political restructuring in contemporary China with academic research, and then enhance the development of social productive force and all-round progress of economy and society.

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