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China renmin employment mode selection research

Author: ZhouDeSheng
Tutor: WuDongMei
School: Capital University of Economics
Course: Labor Economics
Keywords: Labor Economics Internal Labor Market Central Enterprises Employment Model
CLC: F276.1
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 531
Quote: 3
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Abstract


With the emergence of the knowledge-based economy and the acceleration of the world economic integration process, the internal labor market theory within the enterprises of the labor economics is facing profound changes: pure market flexible employment or internal long-term employment will not be able to completely meet the operation and development demands of the enterprises and they have respectively shown different degrees of defects. Enterprises in different industries, management culture and development stages have begun to actively explore different employment models according to their own basic situations. Judging from the domestic situations, since the Third Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party in 1978, our country has actively promoted the systematic reforms in the socialist market economic. The continuous deepening of the market economic system reforms has not only enriched the ownership structure of the state-owned enterprises but also brought significant changes to the relationship between the organizations and their staff in our country. On one hand, the relationship has changed to a contract regulation relationship after the reform and opening from a kind of administrative relationship before it. On the other hand, the relationship between the enterprises and the staff shows various of features. Such a change has also involved and affected the central enterprises which are the national important economic pillars. Taking the labor employment selection model in the central enterprises as the study objective, this article actively integrates the latest theoretical research achievements, on the basis of the deep analysis about the features of labor demands and supplement within the central enterprises, It puts forward a labor selection model which suits for the interests characteristics of the enterprise interest holders, and from the point of labor model selection, the article analyzes the specific measures which can promote the sustainable development of the central enterprises.In the first chapter of this article, the author first briefly reviews the basic research results about the enterprise employment patterns in the labor economics. In combination with the world economy and Chinese market mechanism reforms, it expounds the latest change about the labor relationship within the central enterprises, And through analyzing the features of the current employment model of the central enterprises, it takes out the theme of labor employment selection and research within the central enterprises. This article defines central enterprises, employment model, employment model selection, etc. and explicitly points out the research ideas, methods, threads and innovations.From the aspects of new classical economics, dual labor market theory and internal labor market theory, the second chapter carries out documentary research about the employment pattern. It briefly reviews the view points of different theories towards the types of the employment models, influencing factors and so on. At the same time, the article carries out deep discussion on the employment models from the aspects of participation bodies, functions, principles, influencing factors, development trends, etc. Through analysis, the article confirms the previous studies on the selection labor main bodies, selection ways and development trends about the employment models. And from the practical points, it points out the basic framework of taking various of influencing factors into union analysis and the necessity of establishing a multi-level employment structure and employment selection model which can satisfy the development demands of the enterprises from the point of saving the internal transaction costs.Diachronic approach is adopted in the reviews of the third chapter. In accordance with the chronological order, it deeply researches the reforms of the labor employment system which were the important reform points in different stages of the state-own enterprises. It analyzes the specific features and manifestations of the labor employment models in different stages. It also takes out deep discussion towards the forming routes and basic characteristics of the employment model. Through research, we think that the employment model reforms are directly linked to the reform process of the state-owned enterprises. And what’s more, it is in accordance with the general process of our national economic merchandise reforms. Systematic external quantity-increase management and internal quantity-stock management is the adopted channel. Market reform is the basic objective of labor employment reform. With the point of channel realization, a gradual reform model of from plan to market is adopted. Quantity-increase management and category management is the important ways in employment model selection during different stages of the state-owned enterprises. This chapter points out that with the gradual influence reflection of the human capital in the value creation of the enterprise, how to solve the rigidity of employment model and truly realize the marketization of employment model has become an important research topic for the enterprises to select the employment models.In chapter four, combining with the employment model research results towards five central enterprises which includes China Putian Information Industry Group Company and China Huafu Trade Development Corporation, the author summaries the current situations and characteristics of the employment model selection within the central enterprises. At the same time, on the basis of analysis of facing external knowledge-based economy and the influence and impacts of the restructuring economy, the industry development requirements of the SASAC of the State Council to the central enterprises, as well as the diversity of the labor demands, this article puts forward a new principle requirement to the future employment model selection of the central enterprises.On the basis of the preliminary studies, in accordance with the specific characteristics of the single central enterprises, the fifth chapter borrows the analytical framework of demand and supply from the new classical economic, establishes the employment selection model and its dynamic adjustment system for the central enterprises which integrates the demand and supply of the employment model to the employment model demands of the labors. It greatly issues the shortages of pure market employment model and the traditional employment model within the internal labor market of the enterprises. In addition, the article expands its study to holding central enterprises, gives suggestion to the new employment model exploration of the holding central enterprises from the following aspects: cultivating core talents, assigning special personnel and encouraging cooperation and communication.In chapter six, the author researches the employment model selection situations in China Putian Information Industry Group, which is one of the central enterprises controlled by the SASAC of the State Council, as well as its 25 holding enterprise, and makes comparative analysis with the employment model selection of the central enterprises. Through analysis, the common professional technical personnel represented by the market sales backbones, the dedicated support assistive personnel represented by the management staff, the dedicated technical personnel represented by technology development backbones and the common support assistive personnel represented by production staff, in the employment model negotiation with the enterprises, the result of the negotiations often emerge different characteristics. The employment model selection mentioned in chapter five has interpretations and instructions to the central enterprises. At the same time, both the enterprise and the staff will exert influence on the selection of the final employment model, and the reached employment model shows obviously short-term market trends. In addition, in the internal employment structure of the central enterprise, self-employment is still the main body of the labor employment model selection, yet other employment models have not become the main components in the labor employment of the central enterprises. This reflects that the market reforms of labor employment selection in the central enterprises should be further strengthened.Chapter seven briefly summaries the basic conclusions which are obtained through study on the main body selection, basic characteristics, selection method and channel, principle and regulation of the employment model selection in the central enterprise. It pointes out that the coordination between various employment models, strengthening the quantitative analysis and empirical researches, accelerating the reforms to the internal employment models within the central enterprises and some other aspects should be explored continuously.China is currently in the transition economy and knowledge-based economy. The central enterprises are facing not only the transition from the original planned economy to the market economy, but also the transition from the traditional economy led by labor-intensive to knowledge-based economy led by knowledge-intensive. Whether the employment model is flexible, and whether the model selection efficient is outstanding are definitely important for the enterprises to meet the transition of the social economy and enhance their competitive capabilities. LAW OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ON EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTS was deliberated and approved in the 10th NPC Standing Committee on Jun. 29, 2007. It puts forward new and specific requirements to standardize the employment relations between the enterprises and their staff. We believe that with the implementation of this law, the studies and practical activities about the employment model selection of the central enterprises will be gradually deepened and constantly developed. Ultimately, it will effectively promote the health and sustainable development of the enterprises.

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CLC: > Economic > Economic planning and management > Enterprise economy > A variety of enterprise and economic > State - owned enterprise economy
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