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Study on the Ecological Environment Compensation Mechanism in Coal Mining Regions

Author: QinGe
Tutor: ZhuXueYi
School: China University of Mining and Technology
Course: Management Science and Engineering
Keywords: Coal Mining Area Ecosystem evolution Environmental losses forecast Ecological compensation costs Ecological compensation benefits Ecological compensation mechanism
CLC: F426.21
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 1420
Quote: 3
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Abstract


This article is in the context of China's economic development to a certain stage, to further enhance the awareness of sustainable development of mankind, to seek harmonious development of human and natural ecological environment compensation mechanism in coal mine. When the coal mine environment loss increased significantly, but the time series of environmental losses and mine coal production time sequence there is a cointegration relationship, is above mine ecological evolution stage II, cointegrated reflects human exploitation of coal mine ecological environment external interference (mine coal production) adjusted to the loss of environmental equilibrium readjustment mine ecological system there is still a self-regulating mechanism, if we can verify the above assumptions, we You can get the impact factor of the mine the environmental losses and coal production, to predict coal mine environmental losses. This paper is a combination of research methods in theoretical research and empirical analysis. The main content of this paper is divided into two parts of the theoretical analysis and empirical research. Chapter 1 discusses the background and significance of this study on the basic concepts of the study, clear idea of ??the study, the objectives and content of the study were to define, design research methods and technology roadmap. Chapter 2 of the ecological environment of dynamic and research progress are reviewed, grasp the overall status of ecological environment compensation mechanism. Chapter 3, based on the mechanism of evolution of ecosystems, loss of ecological environment of coal mine measure analysis, proposed coal mine ecological environment evolution mechanism; to establish coal mine environmental losses system dynamics model for dynamic simulation of the coal mine environment loss of Huainan mine coal production time series with the mining area of ??the ecological environment losses time series unit root test, EG inspection lists error correction model and Granger test confirmed Huainan mining area coal production and mine the ecological environmental losses Granger causality existing entries verified Huainan Coal Mining Area is on the whole ecological evolution stage, to determine the impact factor of the Huainan mining area of ??coal production and environmental losses, which provide the basis to establish the model of the Huainan mining area environmental losses recoverable reserves, through the model of the Huainan coal mine mine the ecological environment, the number of losses forecast. Chapter 4 loss, according to the simulation environment, under the guidance of the theory of mineral resource interests, according to the local conditions of ecological restoration planning, environmental resource valuation method aggregate project cost estimating the ecological compensation projects. Predict the cost of the Huainan coal mine ecological environment compensation. Chapter 5, the use of environmental resources assessment methods, scientific assessment of ecological restoration, environmental compensation benefit. Predicted loss of Huainan coal mine ecological environment compensation benefits. Chapter 6, to build the formation, management and control of coal mine ecological environmental compensation mechanism. Specific analysis, financial analysis of the ecological environment compensation accounting, forecasting the Huainan coal mine social compensation cost effective coefficient of Huainan coal mine ecological environment compensation mechanism. The innovation lies in the coal mine ecological environment compensation mechanism: (1) theoretical studies to build coal recoverable reserves and mine ecological environment loss prediction model, innovation measure loss of ecological environment of coal mine research. (2) the cost of ecological restoration of the coal mine system, establish a market-oriented coal mine ecological environment compensation cost study. This innovation where special cost study method. (3) of the coal mine ecological environmental compensation tax levy mechanism should be pointed out that the total amount of taxable coal mine ecological environment compensation tax, the coal mining area in the existing collection and disbursement system can get to meet the ecological restoration of the total cost of need amount. This empirical research conclusions innovation. (4) on the mechanism of the formation mechanism of the coal mine ecological environmental compensation, management mechanism and control design, this is the policy innovation lies.

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