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Research of the Status about Left-Behind Children’s Mental Health and Related Factors

Author: YangXiaoHua
Tutor: LiuJinTong;ZhaoYuPing
School: Shandong University
Course: Psychiatry and Mental Health
Keywords: Children Left Behind Mental Health Depression Anxiety Lonely Self-consciousness Relevant factors
CLC: B849
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 672
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Abstract


Objective To investigate the children left behind emotions, behavior, self-awareness of the current situation and related factors. The method of cluster sampling Tengzhou a third grade to sixth grade 530 students conducted a questionnaire survey. Survey tools including self general questionnaire, Child Anxiety Related Emotional barriers to screening table (SCARED). Depressive disorders in children self-assessment scale (SCD), Children's Loneliness Scale (CLS) and the children's self-awareness scale (PHCSS and) . All data input SPSS17.0, the use of general descriptive analysis, t test, chi-square test, Spearman correlation analysis and other statistical processing. Results A total of 530 questionnaires were 528 copies of questionnaires, the efficiency of 99.62%. Non-left-behind children 110 cases, 418 cases of children left behind. 185 cases of children left behind anxiety, the detection rate was 44.3%; non-left-behind children in 36 cases, the detection rate was 32.7%. The detection rate of left-behind children anxiety children left behind in the non-left-behind children (P lt; 0.05). The children left behind generalized anxiety factor scores (P lt; 0.05), school phobic (P lt; 0.01) and total score (P lt; 0.05) higher than the non-left-behind children. The depression 213 cases of children left behind, the detection rate was 51.0%; 38 cases of children left behind, the detection rate was 34.5%. The detection rate of depression of the left-behind children in non-left-behind children (P lt; 0.005). Depression Scale total score (P lt; 0.05) higher than the non-left-behind children. 60 cases of children left behind loners, the detection rate was 14.4%; 11 cases of children left behind, the detection rate was 10.0%. Lonely detection rate of left-behind children and children left behind children left behind (P gt; 0.05) difference was not statistically significant. Children Left Behind Loneliness Scale total score (P lt; 0.05) higher than the non-left-behind children. 186 cases of low self-consciousness of the children left behind, the detection rate was 44.5%; 38 cases of children left behind, the detection rate was 34.5%. The left-behind children than non-left-behind children (P lt; 0.05). Children Left Behind factor scores (P lt; 0.05), intelligence and school situation factor scores (P lt; 0.001), happiness satisfaction factor scores (P lt; 0.001) and total score (P lt; 0.05) lower than non-left-behind children . Generalized anxiety factor in girls Anxiety Scale (P lt; 0.05), condensed anxiety factor (P lt; 0.05) in the left-behind children score higher than boys; acts in self-concept scale factor (P lt; 0.001), mental and the school situation Factor (P lt; 0.05), gregarious factor (P lt; 0.01) and happiness satisfaction factor (P lt; 0.05) score higher than boys; depression scores for boys differences had no statistical significance (P gt; 0.05 ); Loneliness Scale score differences in boys (P gt; 0.05) and no statistical significance (P gt; 0.05). The age group of the children left behind social phobic anxiety scale (P lt; 0.05) score, Depression Scale (P lt; 0.05) score higher than the younger age groups, the older group Loneliness Scale score lower than the younger age group ( P lt; 0.01). No significant difference between the self-consciousness of the left-behind children in different age groups. Anxiety factors affect the children left behind, including family economic status, dependents and the relationship of the children left behind, raising expectations of children, children left behind in extracurricular activities, academic achievement and peer relationships. The factors that affect the children left behind depression including dependents' education level, dependents and children left behind relationships and family economic status. Factors affecting children left behind alone, including the relationship of dependents and children left behind, raising expectations of children, children left behind in extracurricular activities, academic achievement and peer relationships. The factors that affect the self-consciousness of the children left behind, including the relationship of dependents and children left behind, raising expectations of children, family economic status, children left behind in extracurricular activities, academic performance and peer relationships. Conclusion 1 children left behind in the level of mental health than non-left-behind children. 2 children left behind boys in fewer emotional problems than girls, but more behavioral problems than girls, the level of self-awareness than girls. Anxiety and depression have increased with increasing age, loneliness is reduced. 3 children left behind the level of mental health in addition to whether their parents work related to their family situation, school situation, such as: the relationship of family economic status, dependents and children left behind, raising expectations of children, children left behind amateur activities, academic performance, peer relations.

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