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The Syntax and Semantics of Chinese Middle Constructions

Author: PengZhiYong
Tutor: ZhuLeHong
School: Hunan Agricultural University
Course: Foreign Linguistics and Applied Linguistics
Keywords: Dynamic sentence Chinese moving sentence Syntactic features Semantic features Generate
CLC: H146.3
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 76
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Dynamic (Middle Construction) is a special linguistic phenomenon prevalent in natural language, its special syntactic features and semantic features caused extensive discussion of the field of linguistics. Since the Jie Park Sen (Jerperson), found that this particular phenomenon exists in the English language and said \no exception, also exists in this language phenomenon, namely Chinese sentences (Chinese Middle Construction). Chinese sentence a sentence as Dynamic, its unique syntax and semantic features also caused by the in-depth study of many scholars, such as: Cao Hong (2004) (2005), He Wenzhong (2005) (2007), Ji Xiaoling ( 2006), Dai Tingting (2008), Yuguang Wu, Secretary Hui-wen (2008). There are many scholars Chinese action sentence generation, such as pleased Gang (2000), Dai Man Pure (2001) (2003), (2004) Hanjing Quan, Zhou Xiao Yan, high Teng (2007), Li Hui (2007), South tide (2009), Zhu Yue Hung (2011), etc., but the focus of their research is mainly concentrated in the Chinese move sentence of generated mechanism, that is the word generated (lexical generation) or syntax generated (syntactic generation), at the same time concerned about the Chinese move the various components of the semantic features. Although the focus of these discussions has been the hot topic of the various schools of linguistics, but the literature for Chinese sentence syntactic and semantic description of the characteristics but not comprehensive enough. The two aspects of the faith \dynamic nature of the sentence. Full analysis of the existing literature on the basis of trying been a redefinition of the connotation of Chinese sentence, that the Chinese sentence refers to a sentence: because of the sentence surface within the subject property, which can promote and the events that lead to the verb represented, the surface subject plays an important role in the incident. In this paper, the Chinese sentence categories new classification, to further clarify the typical Chinese move sentences and atypical Chinese dynamic relationship between the sentence. Chinese Syntactic Structure and research, we first defined the syntactic status of the Chinese sentence hidden subject (implicit argument), draw Chinese moving the implicit subject of the sentence syntactic role is IMP, rather than PRO or pro , this view and the view of Zhaoyun Ming (2002), and recessive subject Fugue issues were discussed, draw implicit subject basis to generate [spec, vP] v to verify the space character. Secondly, this article highlights the relationship of the use of \learn the theory of \In a theoretical framework, which will effectively support the Chinese Syntactic Structure generated view Chinese sentence semantic research, based on the principle of language description of the research, the existing research on the basis of further describes the Chinese sentence the various components and the Chinese sentence as a separate sentence semantic features, which further proved the Chinese sentence necessity of existence as the Chinese an independent sentence, is conducive to the difference between Chinese sentence. In summary, from the two levels of syntax and semantics, explores the Chinese sentence syntactic and semantic features, has discussed Chinese syntactic position and semantic features of the sentences of the hidden subject, verb syntactic and semantic features; class Syntactic Structure generation and semantics of each component features a series of questions, the research for a deeper understanding of the nature of the Chinese sentence, further reveal the nature of language has a certain theoretical and practical value.

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CLC: > Language, writing > Chinese > Grammar > Modern,modern syntax > Syntax
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