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The Solovyov religious philosophy

Author: PanMingDe
Tutor: HuangSongJie
School: Fudan University
Course: Foreign Philosophy
Keywords: Philosophy of Religion All unified Complete knowledge Free theosophy God, human Theocracy Sofia
CLC: B15
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2006
Downloads: 292
Quote: 4
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Abstract


I of this paper is from the perspective of the religious philosophy of Solovyov's thinking elaborated. Solovyov Although primarily positioned as a philosopher of religion, but that does not mean that he no studies on the general philosophical issues, in fact, both Eastern philosophy and Western philosophy, he has conducted in-depth study, especially in Western philosophy proficient, his master's and doctoral thesis is the critique of Western philosophy for the content. I chose his religious philosophy as an object, mainly because of his religious philosophy: First, full of Russian national characteristics, we can say is unique in the field of world philosophy. Second, the domestic this is also the lack of systematic research, unlike research from the perspective of the general philosophy has been tried, such as Professor Xu Fenglin \Third, subject to the limitations of the data collection work. I have collected information on his philosophy of religion as opposed to the information of the general philosophy. The paper is divided into six parts. The first part of the biographies of Solovyov (omitted). The second part is divided into of Solovyov religious philosophy of the logical structure and the main features. That Solovyov's religious philosophical doctrine is \unified relationship, and then implement it to all areas of the history of the world which is built up. Therefore, \Solovyov's religious and philosophical doctrines relying on one-third type of mode as a basic framework to build up. In many components of his theory of the third type, such as the three stages of evolution of the universe and the gods, the existence of three basic mode of existence, the three basic forms of human social existence The three stages of religious revelation, which is obviously the result of a three-impact by Hegelian. Solovyov's religious philosophy of the most obvious feature is its secular nature, that it is a departure from the principles of religion, but the end-result is the harmonious development of human society, is the life of the common realization of human happiness. With other religious ideas is always the happiness of mankind lies in the concept of human well-being of the heaven world have a fundamental difference, and he fully affirmed the freedom and the dominant position, to give people the initiative to self-salvation. The third part is a complete theory of knowledge. Solovyov believes that true knowledge is complete knowledge, complete knowledge of theology, philosophy and science and the three organic synthesis. This organic synthesis is different from the three disciplines of mechanical patchwork in this comprehensive, we can not find any single one discipline. We proceed from the unknown any ingredients can be obtained comprehensive. Empirical science, for example, when it rose to the real system will be transformed into a complete knowledge; philosophy when it overcomes the one-sidedness, it became a complete knowledge; Similarly, theology overcome their own limitations, but also will be full of knowledge. Therefore, complete knowledge can also be called a complete science, or a complete philosophy and theology, where the only difference is that different starting point, the narrative in different ways, the contents of the results and certainly is not. Organic links among theology, philosophy and science can be summarized as follows: their mutual constraints that complement each other, work together to help us get the knowledge of the truth. Theology on the absolute nature of speaking, are of paramount importance, because it determines the highest origin and the ultimate goal of complete knowledge; empirical science on the nature of their material, the act as external basis, while the highest primitive to maximize the use of or to achieve; philosophy mainly in the form of nature, the performance of the intermediary or universal connection of the system as a whole. The basis of complete knowledge is that it is the object of existence, rather than exist. Solovyov would be the existence and the existence of the two concepts are strictly separated, he believes there are two meanings, one is the existence of real property as the main, the other is that the item as it is that the syntax exist. These two very different meaning, not be confused. Existence is itself certainly force the existence of things, it contains three elements: that is, atoms, the living force (list), and philosophy. Existence is divided into the basic existence and absolute existence, the basic existence of matter all constitute their inherent unity constitutes the absolute existence. Absolute existence of matter itself has integrity, its own can never become the majority, but has all the majority, and thus the object of knowledge in this existence is undoubtedly full of knowledge. Variety of historical philosophical theory is to have one-sidedness, the reason is that they are not absolute beings as their object, but its performance - exists as its own object. Solovyov also three kinds of philosophical empiricism, rationalism and mysticism analysis, that the first two philosophy common goal that will eventually embark on the road of self-denial, mysticism recognizes the object of philosophy in its absolute reality, it is neither dependent on external material world really does not depend on our thinking, on the contrary, this reality of the real existence really give this world and the real existence of the concept of given our thinking. \Because it has its limitations, that it is only to confirm a form of direct knowledge of the absolute reliability, sure it only has a direct physical existence, can only perceive the same direct emotional or belief, while As the concept of objective existence, mysticism, or ignore it, or firmly rejected all comes down to knowledge of objects and concepts of the subjective fantasies of human intelligence. In addition, it is proof of the lack of logical thinking and empirical facts confirmation. Solovyov also skepticism refuted, because complete knowledge was the challenge of skepticism, and skepticism is divided into the two types of popular skepticism and academic skepticism, the former from the limited perspective of our human intelligence The proposed three complete knowledge, the latter question, therefore, does not refute skepticism, a complete theory of knowledge can not be established. Once refute skepticism, it means that from a negative to prove their own existence under. Summed up in three points of the skepticism is that the existence and the phenomenon of absolute opposition to deny the link between the two assert that our understanding can only reach the phenomenon, and must not reach the existence itself. Solovyov's just the opposite view, that real existence is not unique, simple and vague entity, it has all the power of realistic and satisfactory; impossible phenomena and existence separated existence through its phenomena in a way known; our understanding of the forms of subjective existence, without prejudice to the form and understanding of the main outside the scope of the independent really want to meet; our understanding of all the factors are appearance or reflect , shown or described in existence, so existence can be known through them. The lack of complete knowledge on is that it confuses several different concepts, it considers the additional intelligence to the feeling of \Solovyov said: \it has its own proper reality. thus directly come to the mutual relations of these areas, and never be imposed on a category to the metaphysical essence, another of the same absolute only given the reality of our experience world , so that these two major areas of separation, one of another who is absolutely out of tune. \nature, because it does not belong to something else, then this should be \in. The fourth part is on the man of God. The concept of the man of God, either as a noun understanding understanding can also be used as a verb. Understand as the term refers to the divinity, which is a noble and spiritual emphasis on people, that person's transcendence and absolute nature of the side; as the verb of understanding, it would reflect the social history of Solovyov The concept of development, the development of human society is constantly overcome the split between God and man, people gradually return to God, the process of final union with God, which is gradually being God of the process. Solovyov believes that the divine and human nature, in the beginning with God is a unified, people in their own consciousness to accept and carry the eternal idea of ??God, while, according to their actual source and that he inseparably connected with external nature, so he is the intermediary between God and nature. The unifying principle of God is to rely on the intermediary to carry out nature, relying on the same consciousness and God, also has all the unifying principle. However, absolute and free nature of his personality, he also hope to have all the unifying principle of God as their own from their own starting, he is independent of God, God certainly, in his own consciousness away from God, the final separation with God, this is the fall of man. Person because of his fallen into the material principle of the rule. He just become a fact, rather than the ruling center in the natural world, he became a large number of naturally present in the matter. So the world is no longer speak the language he can understand, and no longer understand his language, no longer listen to him, people's awareness of the world into chaos. The role of external nature, the intrinsic unity of the people before the organizing principle of human consciousness, re-abandoned people, human consciousness has become to find a simple form of their own content. Here, the content (uniform) became the external things, awareness of the need to re-turn it into their own, need to re-accept it. This awareness of the intrinsic absolute acceptance constitutes a new process, this process is the man of God of the process, which constitutes the purpose of development of human history. The article also pointed out the similarities and differences between Solovyov and Christian View of God God-man concept, especially the differences between them. Mainly as follows: (1) Although both the divinity and humanity together, but has a different scope of this combination of human; between the two (2) to save mankind, for the purpose, but there are differences in the saving understanding of the meaning; (3) the salvation of the way there are also differences. On \consistent. The elimination of state this should not constitute the goal of our development of human society. It there, the nature of the split caused by the world soul fallen for God, it seems that it is necessary, because this provided the conditions for God to play its role. God can take advantage of this split this negation behavior to play their positive reaction to the joint force. On the other hand, it is where human union with God, to God human is free to think, rather than mandatory, the inevitable result. \not yet differentiated from the eternal unity of God's life, a natural person - degenerate stage of the stages and spirit of the people - a man of God. This process represents the direction of development of human history, and thus has a historical inevitability. The fifth part of the theocratic theory. The so-called theocracy, is the implementation of the priest, king and prophet of the three powers to rule the society's political system. Its purpose is to strengthen the role of the divine right of the intrinsic integration between man and God, to construct a complete, organic society as a whole. Solovyov believes that the fundamental will of the people or human society alliance can be drawn on the objective and the pursuit of happiness are three basic forms: economic and social, political, social and spiritual society. Economic and social material sense, it constitutes the foundation of human society; political and social performance of formal features, which constitute the intermediary of the economic and social and spiritual community; the spirit of community has a complete and absolute significance, which constitute the purpose of development of human society . The improved social freedom and inner alliance of three social forms, is a complete body, which he called the freedom of the theocratic state or society as a whole. The spirit of community or representatives of the Church is theocratic, political, social or national representative of the secular power. Solovyov believes that the secular power in the theocratic state of freedom and not with the divine right to have the same status, the highest authority is of divine right, rather than the secular power. This is because the church is the body of the man of God into it, not some low-level forces, it has a religious superiority, that it is providing special services for the cause of God. Before reaching the free-theocratic state, the role of the evil principle of self-serving, this primary and secondary relationship between the theocratic and the secular powers often been destroyed, they struggle for their own interests often occurs to humans, causing a lot of pain and disaster. Thus, for humans, to overcome the evil principle of the temptation to make their own will to obey the will of God, consistent with it, to make their humanity in their own divinity personified, deified, namely freedom of theocratic state, is always goal. To achieve the goal of freedom theocratic state, there are two main ways, first, to achieve the joint of the Church, the second is the apocalypse of the world rely on the lofty God, while apocalyptic ethnic Russian. From the theocratic way, we can see that they are rather vague, does not have the practical operability. The union of the church was eventually attributed to the good will of behavior; able to reflect all the efforts of the third power of the Russian national final was simply attributed to the appeal of such a weakness to give up their own national egoism. Why Solovyov does not propose specific actionable ways to realize it? His intellect is not allowed, or he did not want? Clearly this is not the real reason is that the utopian nature of his ideal of theocracy In other words, the ideal of the theocracy attractive, however, can not be achieved. Berdiaev: \The Sofia Solovyov, where word has several meanings, sometimes referred to as produced unity, sometimes referred to as the eternal and perfect the human body, and sometimes refers to the world soul. Sofia doctrine is essentially posed by the specific interpretation of these different kinds of meaning. Thus, his the Sofia doctrine does not have the integrity of the other doctrines that form. Unified manifested, get the God of all the unified concept of it all unified as the concept of God relative, he said God this all unifying concept for work or produce unity. The so-called the world soul, refers to all creatures living center or soul, it is also the reality in the form of God - made it the subject and the role of God is really the object. Therefore, it is an intermediary between the many living beings and the absolute unity of God. The soul to participate in the unity of God, and contains all the many souls, and this is all the unity of the human. Solovyov reason why Sophia described themselves above thinking, mainly because: first, his own three Sofia experience to enable him to produce a Sophia complex. Sofia, in Russia the image of the Virgin Mary, has been subject to the reverence of the Russian nation, it penetrates their traditional culture. But always together, the his Sophia doctrine, there are serious flaws, so Ye 夫多基莫夫 said: \their moral principles vague and lack of coherence. \

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