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On Tibetan industrial growth

Author: WangDeQiang
Tutor: ShiZhengYi
School: Central University for Nationalities
Course: Chinese minority economic
Keywords: industrial growth mechanism mode development strategy economical cooperation
CLC: F127
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2007
Downloads: 452
Quote: 1
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Abstract


The development of Tibet (the Tibetan-inhabited area of China including the Tibet Autonomous Region and parts of Qinghai Province, Gansu Province, Sichuan Province and Yunnan Province, the same below except for special explanation), with a high value of ecological environment, distinct national culture, outstanding geopolitical status, abundant natural resources but undeveloped economy, is a strategic matter which has a great influence on the national overall development.The industry is the carrier of regional economy and its growth is the centre clue of regional development. The backward in economy of Tibet lies in the tender industry with single structure. How to promote the industrial growth of Tibet is a realistic and- urgent task in the developing process of this area, and also a basic one that cannot avoided in the modernization drive of Tibet. However, up to now, nobody has studied the development of Tibet in the field of industrial growth. This dissertation will enrich and deepen people’s understanding of the development of Tibet further, thus making the understanding more helpful to the modernization drive of this area which is overall and strategic task. Meanwhile, achievements will be yielded in the field of the research of Chinese minorities’ economy, industrial economy and Tibetology.The unique visual angle of this research lies in regarding the developing process of Tibet as one in which the industry scale is expanding from small to large, the industrial structure and the organizational system are improving from simple to complicated, the expansion strength and vitality of industry is growing from weak to strong. Therefore, the focal point of industrial economical analysis does not lie in judging and choosing the industrial structure of Tibet with the standard of a certain priori, but in revealing the adaptability, function and development potentiality of each industry in the huge system of ecology-economy-society in Tibet. The content of industrial analysis has broken through the mode of appraising the resources- analyzing the market-choosing the industry under the traditional resource-oriented development strategy. The industrial growth of Tibet will be analyzed from six aspects: institutional arrangement, technical innovation, market demand, division of labor and cooperation within Tibet, formation of the manpower capital and adaptability of the ecological environment. Moreover, with the industrial growth of Tibet throughout under the background of economical globalization and regional division of labor within domestic areas, the trend of industrial growth and the construction of industrial system will be analyzed and judged on the basis of this regional economical function formed by every economical factor.On the methods of research, firstly, systematic method is adopted.That is, from systematic view, the objects will be studied comprehensively and precisely with the focal point of the mutual relations between the whole and the parts (namely factors), the entirety and the external environment in order to understand and handle problems best. Secondly, the scientific abstract method is used for abstracting the inherent essence of the research objects with an objective requirement. Thirdly, normal analysis and exemplary analysis are combined. With the exemplary analysis as the basis and normal analysis as the target, the industrial growth of Tibet is revealed comprehensively in five aspects: process, condition, background, mechanism and mode. And then, a series of measures and countermeasures are put forward for promoting the industrial growth of Tibet. Fourthly, qualitative analysis is combined with quantitative analysis. Fifthly, the collection of documents and the investigations on the spot are used together.In this dissertation, the system and the mechanism are regarded as the most important causes influencing the industrial growth, in which the guidance mechanism and the motivate mechanism are the fundamental factors which have an impact on the industrial growth while the industrial organization is the important condition making the industrial mechanism function. Firstly, on the basis of abundant cases in the industrial growing process of Tibet and having compared the functions and effects of the planned mechanism and the market-oriented mechanism, a conclusion isreached that the expansion of industrial scale in Tibet lies in the gradual establishment of industrial growing mechanism taking the market sign as its guidance. However, with the ecological environment aggregated by the industrial development and the unbalanced development being worse in Tibet, it is crucial to establish the guidance mechanism of industrial growth for improving the sustainable development of this area and it is necessary that taking the ecological environment protection, the change of growing way and the promotion of the industrialization of agriculture and animal husbandry as the leading policy of industry. Secondly, after having compared and analyzed the motivate mechanisms of industrial growth of Tibet under the two different institutions of the planned economy and the market-oriented economy, the other conclusion is reached that the most effective motivate mechanism of industrial growth of Tibet lies in the competition mechanism, the pulling function of investment and the incentive mechanism. Among the above mechanisms, the inherent incentive mechanism by which the economical entities pursue the maximization of profit is the key factor. The property relations, the administrative structure and the incentive way have an important impact on the effect of encouragement.The mode of industrial growth is its concrete path and form and also the important factor influencing the industrial growth. Based on the generalization and summation of the plentiful cases of industrialdevelopment in Tibet, seven modes of industrial growth are classified and summarized, namely, comprehensive development type, science-and-technology-oriented type, pulled-by-demand type, relying-on-resource type, traditional industrial recycled type, institutional innovation type and brand-molding type. Meanwhile, the seven modes of industrial growth are also analyzed in the aspects of the characteristics and the application conditions. The successful cases of industrial development in Tibet show that, if modern industry wants to take root, sprout and grow strong and sturdy on the ancient and special land of Tibet, it is crucial to find out the mode of industrial growth which is suitable for itself in accordance with the local condition and the different characteristics of every industry.The strategy of industrial development is the key factor influencing the industrial growth and it is inevitable that the deviation or fault of strategy will have negative effect on the process of industrial development. Since liberation in 1949, especially since the adoption of the reform and opening-up policy, Tibet has made great progress in the field of industrial growth. However, with the expansion of economical scale and the improvement of per capita income, the passive development situation in Tibet has not yet been changed once and for all. The development gap between Tibet and advanced regions is tending to larger. The economical operation highly depends on the subsidy from thegovernment of high level and the impact of human activities on the ecological environment in Tibet is strengthened day by day. A conclusion can be reached that all the above phenomena lie in the adaptation of the traditional resource-oriented strategy of development under the guidance of the traditional development view in the past and ignoring the real situation of Tibet. Furthermore, on the basis of comprehensive analysis and understanding of regional function of the ecological in Tibet, the development strategy taking the advantage of ecological environment resources and based on the protection and construction of ecological environment is put forward. This strategy focuses on promoting the service ability of the ecological environment in Tibet and expanding the outputs of service and products of the ecological environment in Tibet constantly so as to strengthen the exchange ability of Tibet from outside, thus, promoting the harmonious development of ecology and economy in Tibet which is a function-changing type strategy of ecological environment resources. This development strategy regarding the service of ecological environment as its leading is different from the one taking resource as its guidance. Firstly, the strategy goal is no longer concentrated on the economical growth, but on the improvement of the continuation and the service ability of ecological environment in this region. The amount of material wealth is no longer the only index of effect appraisal, which will be judged by the green GDP (organic GDP)and the increase of the ecological environment in this region. In the utilization way of resources, developing and utilizing the resources of ecological environment will be stressed in order to promote the output ability of products and service of ecological environment in this region. The laborers in Tibet are no longer producers of the products and service of ecological environment. In the motive force of development, the innovation of technology, management and institution should be emphasized to promote the development of Tibet. The leading factors which impel the industrial growth vary with economical times. With the vigorously support and aid from the central government and other provinces and cities, contemporary Tibet is facing the development chance of great-leap-forward. The four aspects, namely, the development of new industry, the transformation of traditional industry, the conversion of industrial structure and the transition of growing way should all regard laborers with higher scientific and cultural qualities as the prerequisite. The manpower capital has already become the leading element for promoting the industrial growth of Tibet. So, taking the effective measures is an objective demand to promote the formation of manpower capital in Tibet.Current world is an open one. The development of regional economy in an area cannot be separated from the exchange and cooperation of every economical entity within Tibet, and still more from other regionsand countries. The three kinds of cooperative objects and activities have together formed the external environment of industrial growth in an area. The cooperative foundation of regional economy comes from the consistency of regional profit, namely, each economical subject in the same economical area, in order to pursue the lower cost and higher profit by large-scale economy and advantage status in the business process, has the common interests. However, each administrative division in the same economical area is a relatively independent subject which can gain its own interests in the operation of regional economy. The contradiction between the regional common interests and the interests of each administrative division has become the major one in the cooperation of regional economy. Strengthening the cooperation within an area lies in three aspects: firstly, establishing the mechanism of negotiation and dialogue within Tibet; secondly, establishing the rational mechanism of sharing profit; and thirdly, exploring the organizational form of industry in accordance with the principles of large-scale economy and the interests of every administrative division in this region.The foundation of the economical cooperation between each region comes from the economical complementarities of Tibet and other provinces and cities. The outstanding problem existing in the economical cooperation between each area is that this cooperation with the characteristics of free aid, pushing by the external force and taking thegovernments at all levels as the leading role lacks vigor. The new thinking of economical cooperation between each area is that, based on the advantage of each area and with the establishment of the relations of division of labor and cooperation between each area, the way and strategy of supporting Tibet just in the field of economy should be transferred to assisting Tibet in the way of constructing the ecological environment together. The pattern that takes the governments at all levels as the leading role and the enterprises as the main body should be formed progressively in order to promote the service ability of the ecological environment in Tibet. Thus, the service outputs of ecological environment can participate in the division of labor and cooperation between every region and the increase and expansion of this service can promote the ability of sustainable development of other provinces and cities and even the whole country.The economical exchange and cooperation with other countries is the boost motor for the industrial growth of Tibet. At the same time, the industrial growth within Tibet can also promote this economical exchange and cooperation. So, it is an objective demand of industrial growth of Tibet to expand the exchange and strengthen the cooperation with other countries constantly.

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