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1917, the Russian revolution Whither

Author: ZhangHan
Tutor: XuJueZai
School: Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences
Course: Scientific socialism and international communist movement
Keywords: 1917 Russian revolution socialism
CLC: D751.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 7
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Plekhanov’s theory of socialism, the Marxist philosophy of history is based. In his view, the highest development of dialectical historical materialism. In the understanding of history, must adhere to the monistic view of history under the guidance of dialectical thinking the interaction between mind and matter, and thus clarify the fundamental direction of history. He believes that history is a regular occurrence, and this law to exist in which people’s activities. Human beings to make history through their own activities, but the role of individuals in history, but will eventually be constrained by the laws of history. Any attempt to exaggerate the subjective desire to override the economic realities of the outside of the subjective desire of the practice is not desirable.Russia in 1917 and achieved the victory of the revolution in February. But in victory, appeared Soviet workers and peasants, the bourgeois Provisional Government and the embarrassment of the coexistence of two regimes. The particularity of the current situation, making Russia the first opportunity for the proletarian party to seize power and establish dictatorship of the proletariat, and thus out of a development path different from the Western society. But Plekhanov that Russia has not yet good socialist flour mill, if the proletariat to seize power prematurely, it will endanger the freedom of Russia is not yet mature. If the loss of freedom, they lost the realization of the socialist revolution must have the condition.But the revolutionary development of the situation has become irreversible. Plekhanov misjudged the situation of the revolution, so lose the popular support his theory. The victory of the October Revolution, revolutionary ideas Plekhanov declared bankruptcy. Although Plekhanov’s theory failed in practice, but his interpretation of the history of the Russian Revolution and the development of Russian society contains many thought was the truth. These truths, for the building of socialism we have today with the reading of the historical position, no doubt of great reference value.

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CLC: > History, geography > European History > Eastern and Central Europe > Russia and the Soviet Union > History of the Soviet Union (1917 ~ 1991 )
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