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Questions of the Traditional Epistemology and Its Problems

Author: LvXuLong
Tutor: ChenJiaMing
School: Xiamen University
Course: Philosophy of Science and Technology
Keywords: Definition of knowledge Back problems Skepticism Essentialism The knowledge base Subjectivity Intersubjectivity Conclusive evidence
CLC: N02
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2007
Downloads: 690
Quote: 1
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Abstract


The topic of this dissertation is dicussing whether it is still reasonable for keeping the traditional epistemology, which developes knowledge and thinking basically by using the way of "I know..." and "I think...". The conclusion is: we should escape our "subjectivity", because we already met lots of traditional epistemological problems, like "the problem of knowledge’s definition", "the problem of regress argument", and "the problem of skepticism", those problems are all tied to our subjective view of knowledge. As a result, we have to think about the possiblity of developing a inter-subjectivity epistemology.This dissertation is divided into five chapters. Chapter one reviews the problem of knowledge’s definition and finds out its solution. The conculsion is that we shall give up defining knowledge, because definition is unreasonable.Chapter two reviews the problem of regress argument and finds out the principle of justification. We will find that the solution of regress argument is depended on the attitude of how do we look at The Closure Principle.Chapter three reviews problems of skepticism and proofs skepticism is one kind of infallibilism. Then we will discuss whether we need infallible standard for knowledge or not. We will see infalliblism is another kind of "essentialism", because it asks a very strong foundation for knowledge and will hardly be reached. So infalliblism should be abandoned.Chapter four asks question whether skepticism would never be overcame by traditional epistemology. Through Analysing The Principle of Cognitive Priority, which is holded on by Skepticism, we will find out the resource of traditional epistemologies’ problems. Karl Popper declared traditional epistemology is out of topic of science. Is Karl Popper’s theory of knowledge reasonable? Furthermore, is Kuhn’s theory exceeding the problem of Popper’s Falsification theory? And what is Kuhn’s limition?Chapter five reflects the term of knowledge and discusses the problems among transcendental argument, inter-subjectivity and the evidentialism. The conclusion is: A inter-subjectivity epistemology is reasonable.

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