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The Study of Personalities and Mental Health Status among College Students in Taiwan (China)

Author: ChenMiao
Tutor: KongKeQin
School: East China Normal University
Course: The basis of psychological science
Keywords: University Student Personality Mental Health Y-G MBTI Beck Inventory Trait E-I S-N T-F J-P Anxiety Desperation Depression Suicide Ideation
CLC: B844.2
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 1334
Quote: 1
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Abstract


To make an integrated understanding about the current college students’ personality and mental health, Y-G test as the personality instrument based on the trait theory of personality and MBTI test as the personality instrument based on the type theory of personality were used in this present research, as well as Beck Inventory (BI) was used to assess their mental health. And the results were as follows:a) There were significant differences between the college student by gender from Taiwan (China) on the seven subscales scores of the total twelve subscales ones of Y-G test; male students higher than female students are G (general activity) and Ag (Aggressiveness), while the female students higher than male students are O (Objectivity) ,Co (Cooperativeness), C (Cyclic tendency), I (Inferiority Feeling), N (Nervousness). The result of three factors of Y-G test with Internal-External and Social adjustment and Stable of emotion by gender, there were two significant deferent factors with Social Adjustment (man<female) and Stable of Emotion (man>female),and no significant difference with Internal-External.b) According to the MBTI test, the proportion of Type ENFP among college students from Taiwan (China) was biggest, followed by Type INFP and Type ISTJ. When arranged in ascending order, the sequence becomes Type INFJ, Type ESTP and Type INFJ. Furthermore, the proportion of each MBTI type between the college students from Taiwan (China), Mainland China and both sides of the Taiwan Strait was significantly different, but there were no significant differences between the above mentioned three types which have the biggest proportion, the above mentioned three types which have the smallest proportion and the other types of MBTI among college students from Taiwan (China), Mainland China, and America. Especially, the proportion was much similar between college students from Mainland China and America, and much different between college students from Taiwan (China) and Mainland China. And the proportion was little different between college students from both sides of the Taiwan Strait and America. So, MBTI is a valid instrument for evaluating Chinese personality. In addition, the proportion of Introversion among college students from Taiwan (China) was significantly big than that of Extraversion, and the proportion of Think was significantly big than that of Feeling, while there were no significant differences between the proportion of S-I (Sensation/Intuition) and J-P (Judgment/Perception). What is more is that there were significant differences between the proportion of E-I (Extraversion/ Introversion) and T-F (Think/ Feeling) between the college male students and female students from Taiwan (China).c) The results of Beck Inventory, including the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSS) showed that college students from Taiwan (China) were slight anxiety (mean=9.05), moderate depression (mean=10.66) and extremely low suicide ideation (mean= 2.22). Because the standard deviations were high, there should be emotional puzzled in the subjects. In addition, the result of BAI and BSS showed no significant deferent by gender though, but female students were higher than male students from Taiwan (China).d) To predict the emotion by a set of personality variables, multiple regression analysis was conducted. The results showed that Type E of Y-G was the best predictor, and Type C of Y-G and TYPE E of Y-G can predict BAI, BDI, BSS and BI, which also appeared in the students sample of Mainland China and of both sides of the Taiwan Strait. And Type D can predict BHS available. In addition, gender can predictor BHS、BDI and BI.In highly agreement with that Type E of Y-G was the best predictor, the results of multiple regression analysis also showed that Type E-I of MBTI is the best indicator and can predict BAI, BDI, BSS and BI, which also appeared in the students sample of Mainland China and of both sides of the Taiwan Strait. Moreover, Type J-P can predict BDI and BSS of the students sample of Taiwan (China) and of both sides of the Taiwan Strait. In addition, gender can predictor BDI and major can predictor BSS. Gender can predict BDI available. The above results of regression analysis of MBTI offered a strong massage about cognition and emotion correlation, and thus provided strong proofs for why Beck’s cognition therapy was so popular.In conclusion, based on the trait theory and the type theory of personality, this research found some compatible results, and the differences among results are well complemented by each other. With Mainland China and Taiwan(China) gradually opening up, this study would promote understanding about youth of the mainland and Taiwan (China), and give advises for making educational rules and primary preparations for psychotherapy for the fields of education and psychology across-Straits.

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