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Human Capital and Social Capital Perspective of urban-rural income gap

Author: WangLiang
Tutor: ZhaoLingZuo
School: Ocean University of China
Course: Labor Economics
Keywords: Human Capital Social Capital Income gap Cointegration Error correction model
CLC: F124.7;F224
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 149
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Since 1978, the reform and opening up, China's rapid economic development, urban and rural residents rising income levels, but the income gap between urban and rural residents has gradually expanded, the polarization of incomes of urban and rural residents has seriously affected the social and economic equity, harmonious development, and lead to a variety of social problems. To solve this problem, a number of domestic and foreign experts and scholars from different research fields, different research perspective, analysis of the reasons for urban-rural income gap and made many valuable suggestions, to narrow the income gap between urban and rural areas has made a significant contribution to the . Urban-rural income gap is widening because of complex and diverse, but the result of a combination of factors. The article from the human capital, social capital dual perspective on the impact of urban-rural income gap analysis. In the first part is the introduction, describes the research background, significance, research status and research ideas, methods and innovations. The second section presents the theoretical basis of this study, including conceptual and theoretical framework of human capital, social capital concepts and theories introduced the basic theory of urban-rural income gap Fact Sheet. The third part of the human capital and social capital from two levels, respectively elaborate human capital, social capital is how it affects income, urban-rural income gap problems. The fourth part of the selection 1981-2008 annual income gap between urban and rural residents, food expenditure gap, expenditure on education and health care spending gap between the gap in time series data on human capital and urban-rural income gap between the empirical analysis. In the time series variables stationary test, based on its \dynamic impact. The fifth part through the questionnaire and assign quantitative scoring method to measure the variables investigated the impact on per capita household income levels, and the use of factor analysis to establish the corresponding regression equation, which gives the investigation on behalf of the family social capital variables, and finally explains how social capital is leading urban-rural income gap. Part VI of this article Suggestions section, which is mainly based on empirical analysis of the previous section, from education, health care, taxes, legal, and several other aspects of our narrow the urban-rural income gap propose countermeasures. Part VII of the conclusion of this paper is mainly part, which includes the results of this study section, deficiencies and defects, and prospects for the future. Focus of this study, aimed at human capital and social capital from the dual perspective to analyze and study its impact on the extent of urban-rural income gap, especially under the perspective of social capital research questions urban-rural income gap, this article from the micro level, to study the family and social capital target selection, quantification and measurement issues, and describes the per capita income of urban and rural households not only affected by the impact of human capital investment, but also by family influence the level of social capital, especially parental education status, jobs in the industries directly related to their household income level. So should pay attention to social capital on the impact of urban-rural income gap.

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CLC: > Economic > Economic planning and management > Economic calculation, economic and mathematical methods > Economic and mathematical methods
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