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The Landscape Pattern Change and Modeling of Changbai Montain Reserve

Author: QiaoZhiHe
Tutor: ZhangHongYan
School: Northeast Normal University
Course: Cartography and Geographic Information Systems
Keywords: Changbai Montain nature reserve landscape ecology landscape pattern prediction
CLC: P901
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 259
Quote: 0
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Abstract


This paper is guided by theories of landscape ecology and supported by GeographicalInformation Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing Technology. It uses landscape indexes toanalyze the landscape pattern of Changbai Montain Reserve and its evolvement based on thesatellite imagery data of Landsat (MSS, TM, ETM+) in four periods of1977,1988,1999,2010seperately. Through quantitative and qualitative analysises of the study area’s landscapepattern in four periods, we summarized landscape pattern characteristics, and thenimplemented the dynamic analysis of the landscape pattern evolvement from1977to2010.According to the analysis results of landscape pattern changes, we summarized the generalvarieties of the33-year landscape pattern. Meanwhile, according to the transfer matrices weseized the rules of the spatial-termpral change of landscape pattern, aiming to find out thedirect causes for landscape pattern changes. Furthermore we analyzed the key drivers thataffected the landscape pattern changes and found the physical and social factors which leadedthe landscape pattern changes.In this paper using CA-Markov model we analysis, simulate and predict the variativetrends of Changbai Montain Reserve. We first predicted the landscape pattern of2010, thenused the modified Lee-Sallee shape index to validate the precision of the model, and thenpredicted the landscape pattern of2021by this model. According to the predict result, westudied it quantificationally and analyzed the development trends of Changbai MontainReserve.Supporting with the landscape ecology theory, we studied the landscape patterncharacteristics, dynamic evolvement process and the key driver. This combined the landscapeecology theory and the technique of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and RemoteSensing, and then applied it on the research of the nature reserve. Therefore, this paper hasimportant theoretical meaning and practical value.

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CLC: > Astronomy,Earth Sciences > Physical Geography > General theory and methods > Landscape Architecture,regional theory
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