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The Research of Ecological Compensation Pattern for Highway Construction Projects

Author: FanYaJun
Tutor: ZhangYinLong
School: Nanjing Forestry University
Course: Ecology
Keywords: Highway Construction Projects Ecological compensation Compensation mode Ecological Service Function
CLC: X322
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 40
Quote: 0
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Abstract


At present, at home and abroad in the field of ecological compensation is studied ecological compensation watersheds, forests, mineral resources and nature conservation, ecological compensation on highway construction projects, is still in the initial and exploratory stage. Highway construction projects in the construction and operation phase will produce many ecological, natural and social environment, the establishment of ecological compensation mode perfect road construction projects, the need to effectively solve the contradiction between highway construction and ecological environment. Highway construction projects, ecological compensation and Suiyu Highway, for example, to build a highway construction project ecological compensation mode. The main findings are as follows: (1) the ecological impact of highway construction projects in China, including the impact on the natural environment and the social and ecological environment. Impact on the natural environment, including soils, hydrology, vegetation, biodiversity and habitat, including the impact on the surrounding public life, economic and psychological impact on the social and ecological environment. (2) road construction project ecological compensation principle beneficiaries compensate the losers. According to the size of the role of government, the extent of the market-oriented, and compensation funding sources, the highway construction project socio-economic and ecological compensation mode is divided into two types of government-led model and market-oriented mode; natural ecological compensation mode adopted a highway construction project the engineering recovery mode. (3) as then the Chongqing Expressway ecological compensation analysis, the beneficiaries, including the owners and the government. The owners fingers into Suiyu Highway construction management the government unified as the beneficiaries of the public representatives. Mode selection, the restoration of the ecological functions of engineering compensatory measures to compensate, from sound environmental compensation, compensation of the water environment, vegetation protection and restoration and soil conservation compensation given compensation measures; beneficiaries of compensation for socio-economic compensation damaged by the way, that the government and highway construction management economic compensation to the damaged people, divided into government-led model, two types of market-oriented model. (4) based on the value of ecosystem services evaluation theory, calculated road the building permanently area of ??ecological service function value of 9,856,130 yuan. Willingness to pay and accept compensation will survey residents along draw the ecology of the construction project of the magnitude of value of the study area, and 34.25 to $ 149.25 per year per person for ecological compensation costs to determine the basis for determining the compensation standards.

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CLC: > Environmental science, safety science > Administration of Environmental Protection > Environmental planning and environmental management > Sectoral environmental planning and management
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