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A Study on Drought and Its Relief Measures in Yunnan History

Author: ZhangXueYu
Tutor: LiBoChuan
School: Yunnan Agricultural University
Course: History of Science and Technology
Keywords: Drought in Yunnan Disaster Relief Measures Drought History Scientificunderstanding
CLC: S423
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 164
Quote: 0
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Abstract


The main landform in Yunnan province is mountainous land.The drought herehappened frequently for the natural reasons of hydrological, climatic and soil. Drought wasdifferent from the damage of drought, which was usually ignored by the people. It wasclear that there were many drought years in Yunnan history according to having referred tothe historical materials on Yunnan. Hence this paper graded the drought in Yunnan history,and analyzed the drought situation in Yunnan history in both time and area aspects.Widespread in area, frequency in period of time and universality in influence were thedistinguishing features during the drought history in Yunnan province according to theauthor’s analysis.The primary anti-drought idea in the history of Yunnan, which could be found in thehistory of disaster relief measures ideas, was "Rang-mi idea" that had been continued forthousands of years in our country. It mainly contained the theory of Yinyang-wuxing andthe theory of combination of heaven and man. Two sections of measures to anti-droughtwere guided by the idea. The first section were some temporary measures, such asexempting from tax payment, relieving, graining price balance, pension, water explorationand others(forbidding drinking, etc.). These measures could relieve the damage of droughteffectively. The other section included some permanently measures, such as building waterconservancy projects, and importing anti-drought crops, etc.Otherwise,there were manyrelief measures in "local knowledge",took witchcraft for example.it should be more notedafter knowing it could take positive psychological comfort to people who were sufferingthe endless fear time made by drought, while other disaster relief measures could not.The scientific understanding of anti-drought ideas in different history times and thedisaster relief measures should be based on social and natural environment at that time.Thus we would restore history much better, and then achieved the aim of the directivemeanings by history to reality.

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CLC: > Agricultural Sciences > Plant Protection > Meteorological disasters and their prevention > Drought
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