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"Mojing" thought of the study of Linguistics

Author: YuJing
Tutor: HanBaoYu
School: Shaanxi Normal University
Course: Linguistics and Applied Linguistics
Keywords: Ming and Shi language ontological aspects Verbal Communication Bian cognitive linguistics
CLC: H0
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 53
Quote: 0
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Abstract


In5,000years of the Chinese civilization, pre-Qin’s culture doubtlessly is an important constitute part, there is the Confucianism culture of Confucius and Mengzi, the Taoist culture of Laozi and Zhuangzi, and the Legalist cultural of Hanfeizi etc., among them Mohism culture which initiated by Mozi was be known by the society at that time. There is some records in the Xianxue of Hanfeizi:the knowledge be known widely in the world are Confucianism and Mohism.The representative work of the Mohist doubtlessly is Mozi, in which Mojing even became a required course of the Mohist members. It includes six articles:Jingshang, Jingxia, Jingshuoshang, Jingshuoxia, Xiaoqu and Daqu. They are the crystallization of the the Mohist collective wisdom.In this article, specifically for the Mojing. Because before a large number of research results, the study of this part of logic, philosophy, ethics, physics, mathematics is more, while the study of linguistics is still relatively small, and are mixed with the Mozi linguistic thought, and the separate analysis of the study is very few. So, the whole understanding of the research areas in this part of the linguistic research is not sufficient and systematic.This paper attempts to study the linguistic ideology contained by this part, which helps us to create a linguistic theory with Chinese characteristics.The article interpreted the linguistic thought of Mojing from different levels. According this, this article can be divided into five chapters.The first chapter described the linguistics thought the Mojing contained from the philosophy of language. It introduced the relationship between Ming and Shi, illustrates the definition of Ming and Shi, the necessity of the existence of Ming, the way of Ming associated with Shi, the way reflects the relationship between Ming and Shi, the views on Zhengming and Kuangju, and the classification of Ming.The second chapter described the linguistics thought the Mojing contained from ontological aspects of language. It introduced the relationship between language and thinking, the views on relations included and being inclusion between words, the opinion on verb, tenses, synonyms, polysemy, function words etc..The third chapter described the linguistics thought the Mojing contained from Verbal Communication science. It described the process of verbal communication, the purpose and importance of verbal communication, the problems that maybe appear in social communication and the aspects should be noted in social communication.The forth chapter described the problem of Bian in Mojing from pragmatics. It illustrated the views on the function of Bian, the opinions on debating skills, the discourse about basis for the debate.The fifth chapter described the linguistics thought the Mojing contained from cognitive linguistics.

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