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Study on Coordinating Development between Tourism and City

Author: YuHu
Tutor: LuLin
School: Anhui Normal University
Course: Human geography
Keywords: Urban Tourism Urban Agglomeration tourism Topsis Method Coordination He Fei City
CLC: F592.7
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 398
Quote: 0
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Abstract


As an important industrial department of urban service industry,urban tourism is agreat economic growth point and becomes subsequent power of urban development. Therapid development of urban agglomeration promotes the rise of urban agglomerationtourism research, and urban agglomeration tourism will become an importantgeographical unit in the exploration and distribution of tourist routes. The study oncoordinating development between tourism and cities is gradually concerned by scholars.Hefei is the central city of Anhui Province, and the cities along the Yangtze River inAnhui Province expand rapidly, independent innovation areas in Hefei, Wuhu andBengbu advance fast. Jianghuai urban agglomeration, to which Hefei is as the center, isin its rapid development stage, and it will enhance contact among the four tourismsectors of Anhui Province. Firstly,this paper reviews related literature about coordinatingdevelopment between tourism and cities, and concludes the roles of tourism in city andurban agglomeration. Secondly, the article summarizes the evaluation method andgeneral process of TOPSIS, and then evaluates the coordinating level between tourismand urban development of Hefei from2000to2009. Thirdly, this paper analyzes thesynergistic effect between tourism and urban development in three aspects: tourismeconomy, scenic spot space and city brand. Finally,it analyzes the possibility of theformation of Jianghuai urban agglomeration, which depends on Hefei as the core.Firstly, the author clears up related literature on coordinating development betweentourism and cities, introducing four basic theories.The author reviews related study ontourism and cities, relationship between urban agglomeration, and then discusses thedynamic mechanism of the tourism development of urban agglomeration. Urban tourismis one of the most important content of tourism research. Urban agglomeration isbecoming a basic unit which is playing a significant role in global economic competition,but the research on urban agglomeration tourism is in the initial stage. This article, usingthe literature analysis method, summarying the main research content of urban tourismand urban agglomeration tourism firstly, then it analyzes the research trend path from urban tourism to urban agglomeration tourism, finally the influence factors of urbanagglomeration tourism research are discussed. The results show that, tourism promotesurban development in six aspects, they are the development of urban trade district andurban waterfront space, economy increase and employment growth, supple to urbanplanning, the improvement of the city image, and guide or accelerate the improvementof the urban environmental quality. The synergy development between tourism and cityemphasizes the characteristics of mutual benefits and dynamic trends. Urbanagglomeration tourism drives the industrial cluster of tourism in urban agglomeration,improving traffic condition, optimize tourism spatial structure, facilitate tourismcooperation among cities. Urban agglomeration tourism emphasizes dynamic mutualeffect under the regulation and control of government and market from multitude systemsand elements in hands of different subject interests. Urban agglomeration tourism researchis the deepening stage based on the research of urban tourism. On the background oftransformation and upgrading strategy in Chinese tourism, city is the frontier battle fieldof the development of the tourism industry. There are different influence factors indifferent urban development stages, different development evolution mechanism indifferent function and types of urban tourism. Urban agglomeration is becoming a vitalforce to participate in regional competition. Tourism would provide good stimulationeffect in the element and the whole construction for city and urban agglomeration.Secondly, Taking Hefei for example as case study, the author analyzes thecoordinating level and development stage of urban tourism and urban development. Aftersummarizing tourism development and urban development of Hefei in recent years, theauthor adopts TOPSIS to calculate the change trend of the coordinating level betweentourism and city, and points out that tourism plays a driving role in urban development inthree aspects: industry development, urban space and city brand. Based on coordinatinglevel score and economic data, the author raises three stages of urban tourism and urbandevelopment of Hefei: independent stage(before2001),promoting stage(2001-2006),interactive stage(2006—), and each stage show different characteristics. Using themethods of Entropy and Topsis, the paper analyzes the coordination level between urbantourism and urban development from2000to2009of the Jianghuai urban agglomerationin six aspects: economic level, social development, public transportation, urbanafforestation, environmental protection and tourism development. With the help ofArcGIS software, it uses the spatial clustering method, studying the spatial pattern andevolution of coordination level between urban tourism and urban development and discussed the mechanism at last. The results show that the urban tourism coordinationlevel has a good stability from2000to20009. the cities in Jianghuai urban agglomerationcan be divided into five levels according to its scores. The number of the cities of the firstand the second level is less, but the score of the first level cities is higher than the citiesof other levels. There is a larger spatial differences of the coordination level betweenurban tourism and urban development, the cities along the Yangtze River score higherthan other cities, which is also inconstant, and the spatial distribution pattern remainsstable, which presents that Hefei, Wuhu and Anqing are three main growth pole inJianghuai urban agglomeration according to the score of urban tourism coordination level,presenting an attenuation properties from the core cities to the periphery cities. Thedevelop stage of Urban and tourism economy,policy measures,traffic location are threemain influential factors that contribute to the spatial distribution differentiation on thecoordination level between urban tourism and urban development in Jianghuai urbanagglomeration. Internal and external power,urban develop strategy,policy guidance aremain factors of two power, the government and the market, which promoting thecollaborative development of the city and the urban tourism.Lastly, it explore the develop direction of Heifei tourism. Using the gravity model,the paper measures the contact intensity of tourism economy among the11cities of theJiang Huai Urban Agglomeration, then the network structure model of tourismeconomical of the Jiang Huai Urban Agglomeration is established. The social networksoftware Ucinet6is used, including density analysis, centrality, core-periphery, roles&position, to understand the structure position and the role of the cities, which could beto construct the tourism spatial pattern of the JiangHuai Agglomeration.

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