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A Study on the Pattern of Old-age Support in Rural Areas

Author: WangXueJun
Tutor: XieYuanTai; LiuKeChun
School: Jiangxi Agricultural University,
Course: Rural and Regional Development
Keywords: rural areas pattern of old-age support aging
CLC: F323.89
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 10
Quote: 0
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Abstract


With the economic development of rural areas, population mobility, andurbanization, a lot of problems arise in the traditional pattern of old-age support in thecountryside. The vast majority of the elderly in rural areas in China is basically stillsupported by the family; the support channel is single and the support types areimperfect. The traditional old-age support model has not yet been fundamentallychanged. Strictly speaking, the economic support system of the rural elderly in Chinaand healthy operation mechanism has not been formed. At present, old-age supportbased on family is still the main model in rural areas. Social support modes are a usefulsupplement. Despite the drastic economic development in rural areas and great changesin economic and social structures, the status of family in old-age support has notfundamentally changed. Its role in old-age support is not replaced by other modes ofold-age support, either. Since the reform and opening up, government departments andinsurance companies pay more attention to the research and exploration of socialold-age support in rural areas. At present, the social old-age support in rural areasmainly takes the following three types: five-guarantee support, pension system, andsocial insurance. Nowadays, there is a serious phenomenon that old-age support in ruralareas has a mere nominal existence. The elderly lack of care, face a great threat in termsof physical and mental health problems and suffer from worries about the increasinguncertainty on the issue of being supported. There is also a prevalent absence of old-agesupport from institutions. It is necessary to strengthen and perfect the positive role ofinstitutions in old-age support. Government’s role of support and guidance should alsobe given full play. Enthusiasm of the family and social forces should be mobilized. Thesystem of old-age support with different stages, hierarchies, and levels should beestablished. Specific measures are recommended as follows: enhance the function offamily old-age support, regress to the nature of old-age support, clear positioning,promote the rapid development of organization adopt, strengthen the governmentresponsibility, expand the scale of collective adoption, foster the consciousness ofpersonal support, enhance the ability of personal old-age support.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > China 's agricultural economy > Construction and development of agricultural economy > Rural social security, welfare
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