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Empirical Research on Rural Financial Efficiency of Anhui Province

Author: RenXiang
Tutor: ZuoChuanQi
School: Anhui University
Course: Finance
Keywords: rural finance financial efficiency factor analysis
CLC: F832.7
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 51
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Agriculture is the foundation of our country, so rural is the focus of the socialist construction in our country.However, when chasing the pace of industrialization in Western developed countries, our country took most of our social resources to develop industrialization, urbanization. The resources,being supposed to be used on rural development, flew to industrialization, urbanization mostly. This made relatively backward rural economy more lag. Such rural economy seriously hinder the development of China’s socialist economy.Considering of the situation,China continued to strengthen its efforts to support rural economic construction in recent years.Economy can’t develop without the financial support.The rural financial development is the engine for economic development in rural areas.It’s meaningful for us to research how to judge the effect of financial development in economic development and the factors determining the effect. Financial efficiency is the best research subject. This paper use the methods of factor analysis, correlation analysis and regression analysis to research the financial efficiency of Anhui Province, and to explore the extent of the impact of the factors therein.In the first chapter, this paper analyzes the background and significance of the research on rural financial efficiency.today our national policies increasingly focusing on rural development, rural financial development is playing the core role in promoting rural economic development, research on the rural financial efficiency can deepen awareness of financial development and find ways to promote the development. Then the reviews of related literature focus on financial efficiency assessment system and empirical study on the efficiency of financial. Finally this part explains research methods and ideas, innovation and inadequate.The second part is the theoretical basis of rural financial efficiency. It has two parts, the first part is about the financial development theory, this is the foundation for us to research the relationship between financial and economic development. The second part is rural financial theory, it’s meaningful to guide the development of rural financial.The third part explains factors that restrict the efficiency of rural finance in Anhui Province from internal:the functions of the financial institutions and financial markets, as well as external:rural development of economic environment, financial situation, institutional environment, and social-cultural environment.The forth chapter is the core part, firstly,the author introduce the factor analysis method and steps,then use related data between2000-2011of Anhui Province to research the rural financial on factor analysis,12indicators in the system are named and sorted:the efficiency of savings mobilization,savings-investment conversion efficiency and investment efficiency.Then using correlation analysis to analyze the relationship between the three efficiencies and the growth rate of GDP in rural area,we found three factors that influencing the efficiency most:rural residents savings deposit accounts income proportion,proportion of total deposits and investment in productivity.Finally we use regression analysis to conclude that investment efficiency has the greatest effect, while savings mobilization and the savings-investment conversion efficiency fade.So the final conclusion is that the mobilization of savings and the savings-investment conversion efficiency is weak in rural areas of Anhui Province, and investment efficiency remains to be strengthened.In the fifth part,four recommendations are proposed to improve the rural financial status of the low efficiency of Anhui Province.There are the development of agricultural industrialization,improvement of the environment of policies and regulations,rural credit environment improvement and reform of the financial intermediaries

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CLC: > Economic > Fiscal, monetary > Finance, banking > China's financial,banking > Local financial services industry
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