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The first half of the twentieth Century China "Russia communication" research

Author: YangLiJuan
Tutor: ZhouYiPing
School: Yangzhou University
Course: Marxism in China
Keywords: the "Soviet communications" the "sinicization" of Marxism study
CLC: D231
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 160
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Abstract


The salvoes of the October Revolution in1917were not only the herald of the world socialist revolution and construction but also brought Marxism to China. During the30years from the May Fourth Movement of1919to the founding of the People’s Republic of China on October1,1949, an endless stream of Chinese went to the Soviet Union to study and research. After they conducted field research in Socialist Soviet Union, they wrote the "Soviet communications" about the latest development in politics, economy, military, culture, history, geography, society, diplomacy and some other fields of the Soviet Union. These communications were published in domestic newspapers and caused a strong repercussion among the readers. Over the same period, some Chinese also translated the communications of some foreign authors including Russell, Gide, Atkinson, Ujaku Akita, Snow.As the news spreading text of the "sinicization" of Marxism, the "Soviet communications" in the first half of the20th century had a unique historical significance, a rich theoretical significance and realistic meaning. It promoted the dissemination of Marxism and socialism in china as well as the "sinicization" and popularization of Marxiam. It also pushed Chinese revolution forward. Besides, it is instructive in building socialism with Chinese characteristics. Furthermore, it has an important theoretical and realistic significance in the study of the "Soviet communications".The text includes three parts in structure, namely, introduction, part1and part2.The introductory section mainly introduces the definition of several related concepts. Such as "communication","travels"," foreign correspondent","communications in the Soviet Union" and media publishing communications. It also clarifies that the object of the study is "the Soviet communications" from the May Fourth Movement of1919to October1,1949from home and abroad. Furthermore, it analyzes the current study of the Soviet communications in terms of its general weakness and specific hotspot and illustrates the originality, importance and realism of the chosen topic. It proposes that on the basis of collecting text information of "the Soviet communications" systematically stari with the case study and then macro research on it by adopting methods including the overall research, historical research, interdisciplinary research and comparative studies.Part one includes ten chapters and belongs to the pandect.Chapter one is the overview of Chinese and foreign literature about "the Soviet communications" in the first half of the20th century. It combs the spread of literature about "the Soviet communications" and focuses on four historic stages from the "1920s","1930s""1940s". It introduces key documents, major writers and the important media publishing the communications.Chapter two is about the authors and the spread media of "the Soviet communications" It elaborates the modern transitional track of Chinese writers of the communications and classifies Chinese authors of the "Soviet communications". We can see the degree of concern the authors show for the Soviet Union by estimating the frequency these authors visited there. Meanwhile, it analyses the operations of domestic media and introduces the changes in the publishing environment.Chapter three is the specialty and perspective of the "Soviet communications". It discusses the content features of the communications such as times, political nature, integrity and tendency. It introduces the writing perspective of the "Soviet communications":in terms of language news-narrating language, material-introducing language and figurative language complement one another; in terms of material choosing, the cavalier perspective combines with the focus perspective; in terms of ways of exposition, story-telling, commenting and intertextuality writing work together.Chapter four is the analysis of the spread of the "Soviet communications". Discuss the generation of the text spreading the "Soviet communications". Stress that a complete "Soviet communications" spreading text mainly consists of the "trunk" text and "subsidiary" text. Introduce the propagation paths of the "Soviet communications". They are mass communication, interpersonal communication and self-communication. Explain that the communicating effect relies on the need of the times, the observation and thinking of the authors and the value of the works. Discuss the rules the "Communications on the Soviet Union" follows in course of spreading.Chapter five is the multiple connotations of’Walks in the Soviet Union’by authors from home and abroad. It analyses the prerequisite of the’walks in the Soviet Union’embarked on by the Chinese authors of’communications in the Soviet Union" and concludes the reasons that Chinese writers conducted the walks in the Soviet Union. It also selects nodes including "border","Moscow","away from Moscow" and analyzes the routes of writers from home and abroad who embarked on "walks in the Soviet Union". Besides, it explains the methodology of observing the Soviet Union by Chen Qixiu, Snow and Ge Gongzhen based on the analysis of the pro-Russian and con-Russia attitudes. Chapter six "the interpretation of the Soviet Union":do not expect a new voice in other nations. It introduces several key words including "big","rich","new" and "text" which capture the contour of the Soviet Union as a new nation and illustrates that the country cultivated new people through new publicity and new education. It highlights the change in political space and social system of the Soviet Union through the introduction of the new space in Moscow and Red Square. Meanwhile, the incorporation of slogans reflecting the characteristics of the times emphasizes the vigorous bid by the Soviet Union to shape the new speech styles.Chapter seven "the interpretation of the Soviet Union":inquiry of daily social life. Interpret the day-to-day social life of the Soviet people under the socialist system through the framework of the "street","park","theater","units". Select bread image, red scarf image typical of the lives of the Soviet people to analyze. It discusses the basic characteristics of the daily social life of the Soviet people, namely, three "highlighting" and three "diluting highlighting the collective life, diluting private family life; highlighting revolutionary life, diluting religious life; highlighting new life, diluting traditional life.Chapter eight "the interpretation of the Soviet Union":distinctive mirror image. Analyze the basic display of the negative publicity of the "Soviet communications". Dissect that the main cause of negative publicity is the class stand of the media. It introduces several methods of the negative publicity of the "Soviet communications".Chapter nine is the "Soviet communications" and the "Russianization" of Marxism. It separately discusses the relationship between the "Soviet communications" and the Soviet revolution and construction, the "Soviet communications" and the "Soviet theory" and the "soviet communications" and the traditional Soviet culture on the basis of discussing the "Russianization" of Marxism.Chapter ten the "Soviet communications" and the "sinicization"and "globalization" of the Soviet experience. Interpret the concrete connotation of "sinicization" of the Soviet experience from the perspective of the "Soviet communications" based on the analysis of China’s absorbing the experience of the Soviet Union. The connotations include economically practicing planned economy, politically pushing proletariat dictatorship, pushing forward socialist propaganda and education in cultural and educational aspect, promote communist lifestyle in daily life. It also expounds important revelations drawn from the "sinicization" of the Soviet experience. Interpret theoretical meaning and universal significance of the "globalization" of the Soviet experience based on analyzing the historical premise and theoretical foundation of "globalization" of the Soviet experience.Part two includes ten chapters and belongs to minor arguments.Chapter eleven comparison between Qu Qiubai’s and Yu Songhua’s "Soviet communications". It introduces the state of mind of them before they visited the Soviet Union and the causes of it. It sketched the general outline and fundamental issues of their "Soviet communications" and evaluates the value of their communications. Besides, it makes a detailed comparison of their communications.Chapter twelve comparison between Bao Pu’s and Zhang Minquan’a "Soviet communications". Introduce the background where the two early Chinese anarchists visited the Soviet Union and the main contents of their "soviet communications". Besides, it makes a detailed comparison between their communications.Chapter thirteen comparison between Chen Duxiu’s and Li Dazhao’s "Soviet communications". Analyze the visit to the Soviet Union embarked on by the two founders of the Communist Party in the1920s-Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao and the basic contents of their communications. Besides, it makes a detailed comparison between their communications.Chapter fourteen comparison between Chiang Kai-shek’s and Shen Xuanlu’s "Soviet communications". Introduce the Soviet inspection of Dr. Sun yat-sen delegation in1923. Illustrate the main contents of "Soviet communications" of Chiang Kai-shek and Shen Xuanlu-two representative of Dr. Sun yat-sen delegation and the "China Strategy" proposed by them after their visit to the Soviet Union. Besides, it makes a comparison between their communications.Chapter fifteen comparison between Xu Zhimo’s and Hu Shi’s "Soviet communications" Introduce the visit to the Soviet Union in the1920s embarked on by Xu Zhimo and Hu Shi-two famous Anglo-American liberal intellectuals in modern China. Compare the differences and similarities of their communications on the basis of the interpretation of the text of the "Soviet communications".Chapter sixteen coparison between Hu Yuzhi’s and Lin Keduo’s "Soviet communications", Compare the differences and similarities of their communications on the basis of a detailed interpretation of the text of their "Soviet communications" in the1930s. Emphasize the differences of their communications in terms of view and language style.Chapter seventeen comparison between Cao Gubing’s and Ge Gongzhen’s "Soviet communications". Introduce the visit to the Soviet Union embarked on by two journalists in the1930s--Cao Gubing and Ge Gongzhen and the main contents of their communications. Compare the differences and similarities of their communications.Chapter eighteen comparison between Ding Wenjiang’s and Jang Tingfu’s "Soviet communications". It details the visit to the Soviet Union embarked on by two liberal intellectuals in the1930s-Ding Wenjiang and Jang Tingfu and the main contents of their communications. It also compares their differences and similarities.Chapter nineteen comparison between Guo Moruo’s and MaoDun’s "Soviet communications". It provides a detailed account of the visits by Guo Moruo and Maodun, two literary masters of POC in the1940s and discusses the main contents of their communications. It also compares the differences and similarities of Maodun’s and Guo Moruo’s communications. It emphasizes that the two communications point out that socialism is the inevitable cause china will embark on.Chapter twenty is the introduction of the translated books on the "Soviet communications". Take Hong Fuli’s "My life in New Russia", Russell’s "Impression of the Soviet Tour", Weber’s "A Glimpse of Life in Soviet Business" and Snow’s "Soviet Travels in Wartime" as examples to introduce the basic contents and the spread of foreign "Soviet communications" in China from1910s to1940s.

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CLC: > Political, legal > Communist Party of China > Party > New Democratic Revolution Period (1919 ~ 1949 )
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