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The Historical Process and Cultural Choices of Chinese Sports Modernization

Author: ZhouJianDong
Tutor: YuTao
School: Shandong Normal University
Course: Humane and Sociological Science of Sports
Keywords: sports modernization historical process cultural choice
CLC: G812
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2014
Downloads: 9
Quote: 0
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Abstract


"Modernization" in twentieth Century is especially a great change since theSecond World War of human experience, is the industrialization as the foundation, inorder to change the economic backwardness and social global motion as the goal ofsustainable development. In China modernization, modernization of sports is animportant part of Chinese modernization, is the route one must take the realization ofsports power dream.According to the theory of modernization, the logical reasoning,historical analysis and other methods, to sports historical evidence, to study thehistory and culture of choice China sports modernization from the historical andcultural perspective.In this study, according to the contents of research and the research on thecharacteristics of its own, based on the existing research on the concept of sportsmodernization make the following understanding: sports modernization is a futurestate level, also exist a historical. It is a comprehensive social modernization based onthe national consciousness, rational and struggle for power, with all the related sportsideas and behavior for the content, in order to realize the modernization of people forthe future target level dynamic development process. Through the understanding ofthe concept of sports modernization research, is a main line of the study.Through analysis and Research on the understanding of the concept of Chinesesports modernization and the process of history, this research can draw the followingfourfold conclusions:First of all, in the historical starting point of Chinese sports modernization, thispaper considers China sports modernization, the true history of the starting point is the"Westernization Movement" in1860instead of1840"Opium War", is to follow the"subjective initiative in the modernization research paradigm", the fundamentalreason which is the beginning China modernization beginning with Chinese modernhistory of different. Second, in the stages of China sports modernization history, we think, Chinasports modernization should be based on the1911"Xin Hai revolution",1949"newChinese founded1978" and "the Third Plenary Session of the eleven" as a historicalnode, will China sports modern historical process is divided into four stages:(1)China modern sports awareness and preparation stage (1860-1910): Chinese beganto have basic modern sports consciousness, and gradually accepted the western sportsculture.(2) the exploration and development stage of modern sports Chinese(1911-1948): constant war for the development of sports modernization cause greatdisorder, but a new sports idea did not stop the influence on the China. Western sportshave occupied a dominant position in the Chinese, traditional sports culture has beengradually marginalized.(3) China sports modernization twists and turns and changestage (1949-1977): the establishment of a new China ended the war, but thecomplicated political struggles to China sport development scene anomaly.(4) thestage of modernization Chinese socialist sports (1978-present): the development ofthe reform, great changes have taken place in the China political and economic system,paving the way for the future development of sports modernization.Third, through the study of the history Chinese sports modernization, can analysisChinese sports modernization has the "exogenous","centralization","integration","utilitarianism" and "twists and turns" five cultural characteristics. These five kinds ofculture is the Chinese nation repeated choice of foreign culture results, is a trueportrayal of the Chinese nation to the tireless pursuit of sports modernization.Finally, based on the needs of the development of the times, this developmentnever lost themselves in sports globalization tide. The concrete should beimplemented in the "protection China traditional sports cultural diversity","improvethe Chinese sports cultural leadership level","enhance the Chinese masses physicalwell-being" three important aspects, which have more positive significances to theconstruction of sports modernization in China in the future.

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CLC: > Culture, science,education, sports > Sports > The world of sports > China
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