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Marx’s Land Rent Theory and the Study of Rural Land System Reform in China

Author: ZhangAiHong
Tutor: XuXinSheng
School: Northwest Normal University
Course: The basic principles of Marxism
Keywords: Marx Land rent theory Rural land system reform
CLC: F301.4
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 31
Quote: 0
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Abstract


The current rural land system has been running for30years, the land collectiveall, farmers, decentralized management "mode has played a huge role, solved theproblem of food and clothing of the people in a short time, also made greatcontribution to Chinese early industrialization. However the land collective all, thehousehold contract responsibility system, in promoting more and show weakness afternearly three decades, the system performance in fading away, the farmers’ incomegrowth slow, the agriculture become very fragile, appear even large area of land inrecent years the pastureland, and the disadvantages of family spread out gradually.With rapid industrialization and urbanization, on the other hand, lack of confiscationand compensation caused by mass incidents abound, damage the interests of farmers,can not get the corresponding protection. Nominal "collective" ownership of land, infact all of the system, and is a barrier to stimulate farmers’ labor enthusiasm; Short ofland hindered the original contract farmers on the land long-term investmentexpectations; The various restricting factors in the land circulation process, makefocus on rural land moderate scale operation difficulties; Finely of the landmanagement mode severely hampered agricultural mechanized farming, agriculturalmodernization, industrialization stasis; Less than one seriously restricted the increaseof farmers’ income. The reality of contemporary Chinese agriculture, rural areas,farmers show that the current land system arrangement has become more and morenot adapt to the current development of productivity, more and more can not adapt tothe needs of the construction of socialist market economy, China’s rural land system isfacing a new round of reform.This paper adheres to Marxist land rent theory as guidance, on the basis of therural land system reform of our country in-depth research and analysis. Full text onthe basis of Marx’s land rent theory, reviews the history, description, status, analysisof existing problems, countermeasures are put forward. This paper has the followingseveral parts: The first part is the introduction part, briefly elaborated the selected topic reasonand significance of topics, reviews and combed the related literature, and put forwardthe research methods, this paper studies the difficulties and innovations.The second part first discusses the establishment and development of Marx’s landrent theory, and from five aspects in detail elaborated the basic content of Marx’s landrent theory.The third part, starting from the basic conditions of production of Marx’s landrent, explore socialism exist the necessity of land rent, and also reviewed since thefounding of the rural land system reform process in our country, on the progress ofcontemporary China’s rural land system reform and the system for evaluation andresearch.The fourth part, using Marx’s land rent theory, analysis of problems existing inthe current rural land system and the causes of the problem. Reveals the rural landsystem, the ownership issue is the biggest factor that restrict the rural development.The fifth part, based on Marx’s land rent theory, a series of major deployment ofgovernment as the foundation, put forward to solve the problems existing in the ruralland system, rural land system reform are discussed.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > Agricultural economic theory > Land Economics > Land rent
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