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Study on the Satisfaction of Rural Migrant Workers

Author: HuangZuo
Tutor: ZhangWenQi
School: Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University
Course: Agricultural Economics and Management
Keywords: Rural Migrant Workers Job Satisfaction Life Satisfaction
CLC: F323.6
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 184
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Abstract


The study object is the rural migrant workers who work outside their township out of more than6months. Based on three Incentive theories of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory and Adams’s Equity Theory, the hierarchy of needs, job satisfaction and equity of needs of rural migrant workers are analyzed. Research hypothesis are Proposed.Combining the research hypothesis and compositing the literatures, the evaluations structure of Job satisfaction and Life satisfaction are determined. Seven dimensions of Job Satisfaction are proposed, which are working conditions, management measures, work pay, supervision behavior, co-workers interaction, work and training and development. Seven dimensions of Life Satisfaction are proposed, which are life conditions, the living environment, social insurance, public service and administration, children education, amateur entertainment and life and social interaction.Referring domestic and international scales and interviewing with semi-structured methods and pre-surveying of rural migrant workers in Shipbuilding enterprises in Fujian Province. The job satisfaction scales and the life satisfaction scales are made by self. Empirical researches by self-assessment on the samples of rural migrant workers are made. The results show that job satisfaction questionnaire scales have good reliability and validity degree, life satisfaction scale has acceptable reliability and validity degree.Using stepwise multiple regression analysis, regression analysis is made with the constituent elements of the satisfaction as independent variables for satisfaction of rural migrant workers. Descriptive analysis are made on six significant factors affecting rural migrant workers satisfaction, these factors are working conditions, work pay, training and development, the living environment, social insurance, children education.Choosing10individual characteristics factors which is gender, age, education, marital status, working time, work with whole family, work type, the type of job skills, cognitive of urban integration, rural home living conditions as independent variables, the multiple correlation analysis on satisfaction of rural migrant workers is made. Single-factor analysis of variance is made on satisfaction of rural migrant workers with7significant factors. Main conclusions of the study:1. Based on the results of evaluations of satisfactions of rural migrant works, reasonableness of the evaluation structures on job satisfaction and life satisfaction scales are tested by regression analysis and correlation analysis of significant factors.The rural migrant workers are satisfied but they are not very satisfied. Among them, most rural migrant workers are not satisfied with the five factors that are training and development, social Insurance, children education, the living environment, work pay. They are satisfied with the five factors that are co-workers interaction,work, Supervision behavior, management measures.Five factors including working conditions,training and development,supervision behavior, living environment are more significant impact on total satisfaction of rural migrant workers. Five factors including management measures, public service and administration, work,social interaction are less significant impact on total satisfaction of rural migrant workers. Three factors including supervision behavior, work pay, training and development are more significant impact on job satisfaction. Three factors including children education, life conditions and the living environment are more significant impact on life satisfaction.Based the test of sig<0.01, three factors including Cognitive of urban integration, work type, rural home living conditions are significant positive impact on the total satisfaction of rural migrant workers. Three factors including Cognitive of urban integration, the type of job skills and work type are significant positive impact on the job satisfaction. Urban integration is significant positive impact on the life satisfaction.Chief creative of the study:1. Base on the incentives theories, the needs of rural migrant workers are analyzed. Evaluation structures of job satisfaction and life satisfaction are determined, the job satisfaction scales and the life satisfaction scales are made by self.2. Rural home living conditions as a variable is first introduced to the study of rural migrant satisfaction, the finding is Rural home living conditions is significant. This result can provide a new way of thinking to the research of rural migrant works.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > China 's agricultural economy > Construction and development of agricultural economy > Agricultural labor and agricultural population
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