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The "Save-Confucianism" Said by Mencius

Author: SunDaWei
Tutor: WuZhongWei
School: Suzhou University
Course: Chinese Philosophy
Keywords: Mencius Save-Confucianism Confucius
CLC: B222.5
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 68
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC - 221 BC), is one of the most important time in our country. The feature of society have been great changes during the 550 yeas because of the progress of the productivity, politics, economic, ideology and culture all much development. The order of the old social no longer exists as a result of the war between princes, and finally brewed a unified Qin Empire, marking the arrival of the feudal dynasty. Modernization is the main theme of this era, but in the field of various schools of thought contending, there is a preservation of the old system, promote the ancient ceremony of the school, which is represented by Confucius’Confucianism. Confucian school was beginning from Confucius and Mencius was inherited from Confucius. Restore to the ceremony of Zhou is the goal of Mencius,so Mencius have the " Save - Confucianism " said. Save- Confucianism is to return to the Confucian regular Road, is to abide the ceremony of Zhou. There are two reasons for Mencius to advocated Confucianism: the objective, words of Mo-tse and Yang all over the world, Confucian school has decaying, Mencius had to struggle against them; subjective, Mencius said: "Confucius fear, for the Spring and Autumn." so follow the example of Confucius, have the " Save - Confucianism " said. The reason for Mencius against Mo-tse and Yang, precisely because they "no Emperor and no father," they don’t know the real love and justice, don’t respect the rules of propriety, entirely contrary to the moral and ethical; In addition, words of Mo-tse and Yang have the greatest impact on Confucianism, only to completely defeated can the Confucian’s thought back to the community center, and save the deterioration of moral and ethical. Mencius " Save - Confucianism" said, which is absorbing the thoughts of Confucius. Thus, the content of Mencius’" Save - Confucianism" is inherited from the wisdom of Confucius’moral and ethical. But Mencius’theory is not simply to repeat, but has its own unique and form a more complete system, which would make a major step forward for Confucianism , and also succeeded Mencius’position in the history of Confucian. This article focus on the content of " Save - Confucianism ", as well as the relations between Confucianism and change, and do a comparison between Mencius and Confucius to verify the original study of Mencius.

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CLC: > Philosophy, religion > Chinese Philosophy > Qin Dynasty ( 220) > Confucian > Mencius ( Meng Ke,BC 390 ~ 305 years )
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