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Studies of the Society Poverty Reduction of Baotou City, Inner Mongolia

Author: JiGeng
Tutor: WangZhengBing
School: Northwest University of Science and Technology
Course: Rural and Regional Development
Keywords: Baotou the society poverty reduction Study
CLC: F327
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 46
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Abstract


In china, the rural poor can be supported by the government or the society. Poverty reduction by the society is one of the most significant feature of the rural poverty alleviation. The social poverty alleviation work is organized by the poverty-time government organ or the non-government tissue. In the work, it is the poverty-time governments, which plays the most important role, that has made great contribution to achieve the government’s goal to alleviate rural poverty.The Baotou city organized and mobilized the city’s party and government organs, enterprises, people’s organizations, Inner Mongolia units to Baotou, the troops and private enterprises to participate in aiding the poor since 1986. In 1994, according to "The Seven-Year Priority Poverty Alleviation Program " and the autonomous region "Three Seven-Year Priority Poverty Alleviation Program", the Baotou city formulated the "One Seven-Year Priority Poverty Alleviation Program"., that divided the city’s 447 units into five poverty missions and 46 teams, respectively, focusing on the city’s 191 poor villages (Gacha) for corresponding assistance. The program was implemented more than 1500 projects, and more than 100 million yuan were supplied. The Baotou city has issued " Proposals on Further Strengthening the City’s Poverty Alleviation Work", "Baotou poverty alleviation mission (team) work rules," "Baotou social anti-poverty funds management" and "The city’s social poverty alleviation work assessment," and so supporting policy documents. The Baotou city jointed with the City Federation and Baotou Military Political Department issued the "Proposals on encouraging non-public ownership economy to participate in poverty alleviation and development work," and "Proposals on the strengthening of forces involved in the implementation of poverty alleviation and development work",. The number of private enterprises participating in the work was 100 and the forces were 7. Problems facing the city’s 133,000 poor in their work and daily life had been solved. The number of poverty-stricken people decreased from 216000 in 2001 to 83000 in 2000. In those poverty-stricken areas, the infrastructure construction, ecological environment construction and the living conditions of farmers and herdsmen have been greatly improved. The poverty alleviation work had achieved initial success and had played an important role in promoting the city’s economic development, national unity, consolidation of frontier and the social stability.Guyang county is one of major destitute counties that the Baotou city exploiting and supporting the poor. In 2008-2010, Baotou city mobilized the forces of all walks of life in society to change the backwardness of Guyang fundamentally. It was respect that within three years, 76 key poverty-stricken villages of 6 towns in Guyang would improve the infrastructure further. Village appearance changed a lot. Ecological environment improved greatly. All-round social progress developed vigorously. Socialist spiritual civilization continued to be strengthened. Socialist democracy had made remarkable progress. The living standard of farmers and herdsmen’s had been elevated comprehensively. In these three years, the county’s GDP increased higher than the city’s average of 10 percent or more, farmers and herdsmen’s per capita net income grown faster than the city average of 10 percentage points.In this paper, based on the Baotou urban and rural development, the building of a harmonious socialist society, comparatively well-off society and the construction of new socialist rural areas, the author made an investigation on the social economic development and the poor’s condition in Poverty alleviation Area, by exploring how to focus on social forces to help developing fast and increasing income. Thus it can help providing reference and experience for Poverty Relief Work, so as to bring forward a policy for consideration.

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