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The Improvement of Environmental Sanitation Guided by Service-oriented Government

Author: WangMing
Tutor: ZhaoKang
School: Suzhou University
Course: Public Administration
Keywords: service-oriented government environmental sanitation management Jin Chang District Case study
CLC: TU993
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 75
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Improvement of environmental sanitation is a social public welfare cause which benefits the society. Since a long time, government plays an important role in the improvement of environment sanitation.1980s. the wave of reform of the administrative system in western countries brought the government management model---new public administration theory----base on the market mechanism, brought in the concept, tool and means of economic management theory to improve the public affairs; initiate the government to improve the relationship with enterprises, NGO as well as citizens in order to upgrade the quality and facility of the public administration.With the ongoing improvement of the new public administration theory, the social and economic progress of our country, the Chinese government is also going through the transition from control-oriented government to service-oriented government. Therefore, as an important component of the urban construction and management, it is necessary for the environmental sanitation to have a new operation model.Since 1990s, Chinese local government and those departments who in charge of the environmental sanitation actively promote the reform of administration system in environmental sanitation, accelerate the transition of government’s function and made significant progress. However, the ladder of management, the development planning as well as the civic consciousness are to be improved. With the guide of service-oriented government, efforts should be made to enhance the system, cultivate the market, and attract multi- culture groups to contribute towards the programme. Therefore, to make the environmental sanitation market-oriented, socialize and industrialize.Integrate the documents available, scholars’focus more on the government reform and urban administration model under the new public administration theory. Less attention was paid to the sanitation development trend which relate to the public but changes are hardly to be found.Following the above background, this thesis will argue from the following perspectives: the public administration theory brings in the service-oriented government; the object and subject of improvement of environmental sanitation under the service-oriented government, the feasibility of marketize etc. Through the comparison the environmental sanitations under control-oriented government and under service-oriented government, analyse the reform objective, ladder of management, performance evaluation. Experiences of improvement of environmental sanitation in different places were stated. Case study of the model in Jin Chang District, Suzhou was used to summarize the results and suggestions which might be helpful for improvement of environmental sanitation in other cities.

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