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A Cognitive Contrastive Study of English Ergative Construction and Middle Construction

Author: ZhouYunRui
Tutor: LiaoQiaoYun
School: Sichuan International Studies University
Course: Foreign Linguistics and Applied Linguistics
Keywords: Ergative structure Dynamic structure Cognitive Grammar Event Side of the body
CLC: H314
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2007
Downloads: 58
Quote: 0
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English ergative structure and dynamic structure are two very special structure, one of the focus has always been Syntax study. Although they are essentially the two different structures, but on the semantic and syntactic but exhibit the same or similar. This article from the perspective of cognitive cognitive basis of these two structures, semantic features, syntactic means of achieving the inquiry, we found that the fundamental difference between the two is a different side of the speaker on the same basis events language encoding. The Cognitive Linguistics think language from the objective world, it is the product of people cognitive processing. Language is not a simple grammatical phenomena, its formation is subject to a variety of factors, including the external material world, the physiological and perceptual skills and cognitive development and cognitive structure, so we can not be divorced from the objective material world and person's cognitive ability to analyze a variety of linguistic phenomena. This paper highlights the principles of cognitive use the cognitive linguists Lan Gaike (RW Langacker) analysis of English Ergative structure and dynamic structure of cognitive semantics foundation that they are weakening the event an active participant (ie, facilities things) the role of passive participant highlighted. Voice on showed initiative and semantic performance passive. However, both more is reflected in the different aspects, mainly for the following four points. First, the two structures highlights the semantic focus. Ergative structure highlights the changes experienced by the passive participant in the incident, the middle construction highlights the positive role played by the passive participants for the occurrence of the event. Second, both the choice of the subject of the sentence. Prerequisite ergative structure, a passive participants be able to act as the subject of the sentence in the event and action taker changed. Therefore, the structure of the ergative subject must be events in the Patient ergative verb must have the mobility. Middle construction, a passive participants be selected as a prerequisite of the subject of the sentence is the incident play a crucial and even decisive role, so the the Middle Construction sentence must meet the conditions of liability, namely the passive participants in the speaker seems to make the event due to some intrinsic characteristics can have some characteristics in some way or makes the event. Again, for the cell structure of the constitutive Verbs limited, ie, the only activity type verbs and complete the verb constitute ergative structure. In contrast, in the dynamic structure described the characteristics of the subject in the event showed, so they requested that modify verbs adverb phrase or modal verb. In final two different verb tenses limit. Ergative schema is a specific event, tense must be bounded, the ergative verb can not appear in the present tense. Middle construction. Dynamic structure expressed in dynamic semantic decision characteristics of a constant-time. Dynamic structure constructed above in the event the verb does not describe specific events, but summarized the characteristics are reflected in the virtual events. The virtual event has nothing to do with the specific time, therefore in dynamic verbs can only appear in the present tense. This analysis shows that the Ergative structure and dynamic structure belonging to the same reference events different side of the body, expressed their different cognitive intent. The speaker which participants outlined the judge decided based on the perception of events and choose which participant for sentences emitters. Their fundamental difference is that the speaker select a different incident side of the body, namely: Ergative structure side of the body and select the event in the moving side body structure select class attributes. The two structures on the syntax of different the speaker outward manifestation of different cognitive intent.

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CLC: > Language, writing > FOREIGN > English > Grammar
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