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Shanghai Urban Residents’ Minimum Living Subsidy of the Standard for Research

Author: HuangKai
Tutor: ZhongRenYao
School: East China Normal University
Course: Public Administration
Keywords: Shanghai minimum living subsidy of the standard empirical analysis
CLC: D631.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 30
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Shanghai urban residents" minimum living subsidy of the standard system is to ensure the basic life of poverty population last line of defense, is improve the city the gap between rich and poor in an effective way. This system is very importance to Shanghai urban residents to ensure the basic life, maintain social stability and promote economic development, is known as "the last of the safety net", minimum living subsidy of the standard measure is personal and family of poverty in standard, according to the Shanghai social economy development level and residents maintain basic life to make the cost, it is the core of the minimum living subsidy of the standard system. The subsistence security standards too low, can’t guarantee citizens basic right to live, easy to cause social unrest, go against the development of harmonious society, the more contrary to the basic idea of modern public administration; but The subsistence security standards too high, will inevitably be welfare dependence phenomenon, restrain employment, increase the fiscal expenditure, and increase enterprise and on-the-job worker burden, and rein in consumption, lower savings, a negative impact on economic development. Therefore, urban residents’minimum living subsidy of the standard system of research is of great theoretical significance and practical significance.In this paper, the minimum living subsidy of the standard related theory as a foundation, First in urban residents’minimum living subsidy of the standard system to analyze the current situation, And to the current Shanghai urban residents’ minimum living subsidy of the standard system the existing problem of reason analysis; To further discuss establish urban residents’minimum living subsidy of the standard system’s countermeasures, establishing econometric model, Shanghai current and future four years of low standards are empirical analysis; Finally perfect shanghai urban residents’minimum living subsidy of the standard system puts forward some feasible Suggestions.Full paper is divided into six parts. The first part, pose questions, including the subsistence security standards at home and abroad and the research of this review the basic thought, research methods. The second part of shanghai urban residents’ minimum living subsidy of the standard system and analyzing the status quo. The third part of urban residents’minimum living subsidy of the standard system’s problems cause analysis, the conclusion is the current low standard. The fourth part is to establish shanghai urban residents’minimum living subsidy of the standard system countermeasures according to the nearly 10 years of lowest life to ensure standard get most with econometric model for:low standard=1216.9+0.586 per capita food spending-0.037 per capita GDP+0.057 worker average wage, further explained the Shanghai urban residents’minimum living subsidy of the relative standard and cann’t keep up with the social and economic synchronous growth, has not Shared in the lives of the economic social development achievements, set up the optimal low standard= 1216.9+0.586 per capita food expenses+0.057 worker average wage, than through this model to predict the future of the four years the subsistence security standards. The fifth part of the perfect for shanghai urban residents’minimum living subsidy of the standard system suggestion. The sixth part is the conclusion of this paper.

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