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Analysis on Decision-making Mechanism of Farmer Householder

Author: ZhuHui
Tutor: JiaoGuangHui;WangZhe
School: Xinjiang Normal University
Course: Human geography
Keywords: Decision-making Mechanism The land use change Farmer householder Binary Logistic model Sangong River Watershed
CLC: F224
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 70
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The change of land use is the global hot spot and the forefront issues.The current study of land use change is mainly from macroscopically scale instead of farmers’aspect.Therefore,This paper establishes the logistic model of the farmers planting’s willness and their respective variables based on a survey statistics of 27 administrative villages (company) 240 peasant households using Participatory Rural Appraisal(PRA),and analyzes the changing features、differences and the impact factors of farmers’planting willness of wheat、oil-baering crops and order crops.The main conclusions are as follows:(1)This paper uses statistical methods describing farmer households’features,resource endowment,family economy and others based on the survey data of farmers and finds the features of farmers in Sangong river Watershed:1) the farmers of Watershed are mainly middle-aged men,low cultural level and family population scale mostly three or four.2) Majority of plot size is less than 20 acres with better and good quality,belong to place and downstream.3)Family income level and planting income are general,non-agricultural income and per capita income are most within 2 million yuan in 2010.4)Farmer households without participated in agricultural technical training are more,thinking "need" agricultural technical service of farmers are most.(2) 1)Crops diversity of low-income households is relatively small,they always plant grain crops and oil beaning crops ; while that of middle-income and high-income households is multi-choice of crops,they plant cash crops and oil beaning crops.Smaller proportion of non-farm income of farmers has more choice of crops diversity.2) Planting structure of farm households who have large plots is relatively simplification,while that of farmers with small plots is diversity.when land integrative quality is poor,farmers choose more drought crops,such as wheat, cotton;when it has good quality,more farmers choose cash crops.3)Sangong river watershed has two systems—Xinjiang production and construction corps and local,each of them has their own characteristics,which leads to different rights to run their own farm land , the crops diversity and input-output of wheat are significant.4)Because of crops tradition,land quality and water resource,the crops of river’s different positions and their water fees are totally distinct.(3)The higher farmers’education level is,the younger their age is,the closer the plot to upstream is,the bigger the plot is,the smaller the per income of farmers is,the stronger the farmers’willness is;the more the population of farmers is,the lower farmers’education level is,the closer the plot to upstream is,the less farmers’need of agricultural technology and services is,the greater the farmers’willness is;the younger their age is,the bigger the plot is,the more the planting income is,the greater the willness of farmers who have ever been the agricultural technology and services is.(4)Finally , paper puts forward some corresponding countermeasures :developing agriculture macro policy,fully respect farmers’planting willness;Improving peasant quality and cultivate new farmers;Developing agricultural insurance,reducing the risk of planting;increasing publicizing,improving farmers’consciousness of environmental protection and environmental sustainable utilization.

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CLC: > Economic > Economic planning and management > Economic calculation, economic and mathematical methods > Economic and mathematical methods
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