Dissertation > Excellent graduate degree dissertation topics show

Rhubarb extract antioxidant activity and chemical composition

Author: LvHuiYing
Tutor: LiangYiZeng;ZhaoChenZuo
School: Central South University
Course: Analytical Chemistry
Keywords: Ultrasonic extraction Rhubarb RP-HPLC Anthraquinone Antioxidant DPPH PLS Fingerprint Chemometrics Profile-effect
CLC: R284
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 589
Quote: 3
Read: Download Dissertation


Rhubarb is commonly used in traditional Chinese herbal medicine in China, with the role of diarrhea, antibacterial, hemostatic, anti-tumor and other biological activity has been widely applied in clinical practice. Its pharmacological active ingredient is generally believed that the anthraquinone derivatives, including rhein, emodin, chrysophanol, aloe-emodin, physcion. Currently, less rhubarb antioxidant activity of the antioxidant content of active compounds associated. In this paper, HPLC-DAD hyphenated chromatographic instruments and traditional Chinese medicine profile-effect method for the development and utilization of natural antioxidants, combined with efficient use of chromatographic and spectroscopic information chemometric methods, rhubarb antioxidant activity forecast. Mainly involves three aspects: the rhubarb antioxidant activity; chromatography instruments associated with the active ingredients of the rhubarb extract qualitative and quantitative analysis; combined with chemometric multivariate calibration methods anthraquinone content, Chromatographic fingerprint and antioxidant activity related study, the antioxidant activity of the plant antioxidants and antioxidant activity of compounds associated content, as well as to establish rhubarb Chromatographic fingerprint and extract antioxidant activity profile-effect relationship model. The main content of the paper is as follows: The first chapter briefly describes the content of free radicals and antioxidants, natural anti-oxidants in the development, rhubarb research profile, chemical metrology applications in the study of traditional Chinese medicine, Chinese medicine, profile-effect research. DPPH radical scavenging ability rhubarb extract as a reference index to examine the type of solvent, ethanol concentration, solid-liquid ratio, extraction time and extraction times and other factors rhubarb extract antioxidant activity of optimizing rhubarb antioxidants The extraction conditions. Determine the best rhubarb antioxidants ultrasonic extraction process as follows: 70% ethanol as solvent, solid-liquid ratio of 1:30 (g / mL), ultrasonic extraction, each extraction 20 min. Different extraction methods Experiments show that, under the same conditions resulting rhubarb extract clear that the DPPH · the ability to turn ultrasonic extraction> extraction> reflux extraction the ultrasonic extract clearance rate of up to 95.2%. Chapter by RP-HPLC simultaneous determination of the content of Radix et five anthraquinone derivatives (aloe-emodin, rhein, emodin, chrysophanol and emodin). Five free anthraquinone has a wide linear range and showed a good linear relationship (R to 20.9987 to 0.9997), the average recovery was 92.79% to 99.28%, 0.65% to 1.71% in intra-day precision, inter-day precision 2.52% to 3.46%. The method has been successfully used in the extraction process optimization of the of rhubarb active substances. Chapter partial least squares method (partial least squares, PLS) to establish the relationship between the model the DPPH radical scavenging abilities and rhubarb five anthraquinone content by RP-HPLC, DPPH radical scavenging capacity of rhubarb extract forecasts. And rhubarb extract HPLC fingerprint chromatogram profile as input, antioxidant activity as the output profile-effect relationship established between the the chromatographic fingerprint antioxidant activity model for the prediction of the antioxidant activity of the rhubarb, and the chromatographic peak area of ??the predicted results of the analysis variables comparison: using the the chromatogram full spectrum after eliminating interference contour retained on all samples, prediction results are better.

Related Dissertations

  1. A Research on Three-way Second-order Calibration Algorithms and Its Applications,O652
  2. Studies of the Interaction of Several Antimicrobial Drugs with Bovine Serum Albumin Using Spectroscopy,R96
  3. Studies on the Interaction between Pesticids (Veterinaries) and Protein by Spectrometry and Its Analytical Determine,S859
  4. Simultaneous Determination Xylene and Tolualdehyde Isomers by Chemomtrics-HPLC,O621.2
  5. Sweet potato leaves flavonoids extraction, separation, purification and the chemical constituents of volatile,R284
  6. Detection of Adulteration and Quantilation Analysis of Edible Vegetable Oil by Near Infrared Spectrcosopy,TS227
  7. Interaction of Some Small Molecules with Bovine Serum Albumin Using Spectroscopy,R96
  8. Pinus sylvestris volatile oil components and chromatographic fingerprint,R284
  9. Study on the Rapid Determination of Reduced Glutathione Tablets with FT-NIRs and Chemometrics,O657.33
  10. Effects of Nitrogen Addition on Plant Community Structure of Alpine Meadow of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau,S812
  11. Application of Chemometric Methods Coupled with Multiway Spectroscopy in Analysis of Drugs and Food,O657.3
  12. Study on the Application of Chemistry Metrology in Automotive Potentiometric Titration,O655.22
  13. Three-way Chemometric Methodologies Applied in Environmental Analysis and Pharmaceutical Analysis,O651
  14. Mass spectrometry data mining and chromatographic fingerprint evaluation method,R284
  15. Research and Development of the Near Infrared Moisture Measurement Device,TH83
  16. Non-destructive Quantitative Analysis for Tablets by Use of PLS and Near-infrared Spectroscopy,TQ460.7
  17. Second-order Calibration Methods Applied to Determination of Antitumor Drugs in Complex Systems,R917
  18. Bupleurum - skullcap drug studies on the hepatoprotective effect of effective parts of its spectrum efficiency,R285.5
  19. Studies on the Chemical Compounds and Quality Standardization of Angelica Dahurica,R284
  20. Second-order Calibration Algorithms Coupled with Three-dimensional Flourescence with Application to Food and Medicine Analysis,TQ460.72

CLC: > Medicine, health > Chinese Medicine > Of Pharmacy > Traditional Chinese medicine chemical
© 2012 www.DissertationTopic.Net  Mobile