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Freedom from prejudice

Author: ZhaoZuoZuo
Tutor: LiZuo
School: Fudan University
Course: Contemporary Chinese Literature
Keywords: Du Heng Xiandai Magazine the third person literary freedom literary reality
CLC: I206.6
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 29
Quote: 0
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Abstract


The research objections of this paper are Du Heng’s literature and literary theory. At early stage, he wrote some popular traditional novels about love, called fictions of love birds and butterfly. But after that Du began to write novels of the new style, and to be the chief editor of Xiandai Magazine. He published an article about the debate between Literary News Magazine and Hu Qiuyuan, and then caused a bigger debate about "the third person". So Du is always called "the third person" in the literary world. The study about Du’s literature and theory is little until now. But if you check over the magazines in the 1930s, you will find his articles in many magazines. In 1930s, how did Du fight for freedom of writing, and write the works in the rough circumstance? In order to make clear of the literary history about that, it’s necessary to have a whole and deep understanding of Du and his literary system.The foreword introduces Du’s experience briefly, a few studies of his literature and theory in the past, and the value of studies on Du’s literature and theory.The first part of this paper discusses Du’s writing and movement of literature in the period of Lan Organization, literary factory and Shuimo Organization. Du started his literary career with friends, like Shi Zhecun and Dai Wangshu. Du was affected by the revolutionary literature, and transferred his writing style from traditional novel to revolutionary novel. He claimed positive social meaning in his works. So he had written some novels about revolution, and quitted it. Because there was complicated feeling in his heart. He claimed the positive meaning, as well as the real emotion. But they were in conflict.The second part of this paper analyzes Du’s contribution to Xiandai Magazine and the characters in his works at this stage. As one of the two chief editors ofXiandai Magazine, Du has the similar thoughts to Shi Zhecun. So the magazine takes on a whole atmosphere of freedom, multifarious and tolerance. Also he wrote a series of works about the persons on the edge of world, not the revolutionaries or the citizens, but some famers, women, and traditional intellectuals. He showed sympathy on these people. These works made his heart get a balance, and realized his freedom.The third part of this paper displays his literary criticism and the literary debates. This section is his main achievement. In the "third person" argument, Du insisted on the freedom and reality of writing. It made a big effect on the literature and promoted some discussions of literary problem at that time.The forth part of this paper describes the end of Du’s literary life. In 1935, Du published another magazine named Xinghuo with Yang Cunren and Han Shihang. Although the nature of the third paper changed, Du still insisted on his literary thoughts. And the thoughts are more systematic and mature than before. He tried to retell his thoughts and change the bad situation. But things went the opposite of what he wanted. After Xinghuo, Du’s literary life was close to the end. The literary thought of Du Heng and Hu Qiuyuan is very special in 1930s. School of Xinyue comes from western liberal thoughts and Lin Yu Tang’s comes from Chinese traditional thoughts of Taoist. But Du’s thought comes from Marxism, the same to Left-wing Writers. On the freedom of writing, they are consistent with Xinyue and Lin Yu Tang. Du’s literary thoughts make a deep effect on the recent literary thoughts.The conclusion part, mainly summarizes the analytical result of the preceding context, and gets the theme of this paper. His literature doesn’t belong to Left-wing, or School of modernist. He is dissociated from the two, and realizes the freedom of writing at a degree. His literature and criticism is special, and stand for a literary trend of liberal thought in 1930s.

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CLC: > Literature > Chinese Literature > Literature Review and Research > Modern literature ( from 1919 to 1949 )
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