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The Research about the Influence from the Exercise Intervention to Body Shape and Self-awareness of the Children with Simple Obesity

Author: GuYinZuo
Tutor: ChenDanPing
School: Shanghai Institute of Physical Education
Course: Human Movement Science
Keywords: Simple obesity Children the exercise intervention body shape self-awareness
CLC: G804.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 94
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Abstract


The children with simple obesity is the far-ranging and increasingly sharpen all over the world,it involves the field of medicine、phycology、economics,etal. The children with simple obesity is not only the serious health problem now but also in the future life,it also be the global public problem.Simple obesity is the emblematical disease of life style,it do harm to the circulatory system、respiratory system in varying degrees,thus to reduce the health level of children.Besides the influence of physiology,simple obesity will also influence the development of metal function ,such as self-awareness、behavior、social communication,etal.To influencing the self-assessment of children and to produce many problems of social maladjustment, including moving back、delinquency、social withdrawal,etal.This research will seek and quest the covariable relationship between the body shap and self-awareness of the children with simple obesity in the process of the exercise intervention.This research synthetically used the methods of research with the method of documents and materials、questionnaire method、experimentation and data statistics,adopting Piers-Harris Children’s self-concept scale、Physique tester、Polar S810i cardiotach ometer、OMROM HJ-005 pedometer.From the angle of exercise intervention to research the changes of body shape and self-awareness of the children with simple obesity and the covariable relationship between them in order to provide reference to the research of exercise intervention and self-awareness of the children with simple obesity,also to seek the foundation that exercise intervention can influence not only the physiology but also the phycology of the children with simple obesity.The testees are from Shanghai ErLian elementary school,their ages range from 11 to 12 years old and all of them are the children with simple obesity.The method ofthis research was used before and after measurement.According to the principle of radom and voluntary,we divided the 85 testees into experiment group and control group.There are 58 testees in the experiment group and 27 testees in the control group.We tested the testees both experiment group and control group of their index of physiology and phycology in the week before the exercise intervention.The physiology indexes consist of height、weight、waistline and fat percentage.The phycology indexes consist of behavior、intelligence and performance in school、macroscopic features and attribute、anxiety、gregariousness and happiness and gratification.The exercise intervention carried out 38 weeks at all and 2-3 exercises per week.Every exercise lasted about 1 hour and controlled the exercise intensity to the 50%-70% of the maximum heart rate of the children.After the exercise intervention,we carried out the after measurement.To compare the indexes of both physiology and phycology according to the before and after measurements.The flowing is the conclusion of this research:1)the exercise intervention raise the level of self-awareness of the children with simple obesity markedly.Especially,there are significant differences in the respects of behavior and gregariousness and there are highly significant differences in the respects of intelligence and performance in school and macroscopic features and attribute.2) the exercise intervention improve the situation of 29.3% of the children with simple obesity.The increment of height of the female of the experiment group is taller than the control group markedly. The increment of weight、waistline and fat percentage are lower than the control group. The increment of weight of the male of the experiment group is lower than the control group markedly and the increment of height is taller than the control group. The increment of waistline and fat percentage are lower than the control group.3)both the respects of the body shape and the self-awareness are improved by the exercise intervention synchronously and in direct proportion.In other words,the better tendcy of body shape can drive the better situation of their self-awareness or the better situation of their self-awareness can drive the better tendcy of body shape.4)the method of monitoring the process of exercise with Polar S810i cardiotach ometer and OMROM HJ-005 pedometer is scientific、rational and effective means.

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CLC: > Culture, science,education, sports > Sports > Sports theory > Fundamental Physical Science > Exercise Physiology
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