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The Effects of Strength Intervention on the Physical Fitness of the Middle Aged and Elderly Women

Author: WuXueYing
Tutor: ZhangChunHua
School: Shanghai Institute of Physical Education
Course: Human Movement Science
Keywords: Middle-aged women Muscle Strength training
CLC: G804.49
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 71
Quote: 1
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Abstract


The purpose of intervention, test-related parameters in muscle enhance the ability of the various organ systems of the body through the power of middle-aged women to explore the relationship between muscle strength and other physical indicators. Research exercise to provide a simple and effective exercise prescription strength training for middle-aged women, middle-aged women, and provide a reference for future issues of muscle strength in older women in the study. Community management recruitment, Yangpu District, the center for senior citizens in the governance of Road 50 to 69-year-old female Shaoxing opera lovers of the topics participants PAR-Q questionnaire screening by target groups in age from 50 to 71 years, strength training experience, centerless cerebral vascular disease and motor dysfunction, and regular physical activity daily and 55 women named object. Divided into intervention group and the control group 29 26 people. Literature review, expert interviews, etc. to develop strength exercise prescription intervention group the power of an 8-week intervention. 12 chairs operating and six dumbbell exercises strength training, later supplemented by grip strength circle exercises. Centralized training every Monday, Wednesday and Friday, conducted by researchers specialized guidance, each exercise intervention group attendance attendance. Every two weeks to understand the extent of self-fatigue questionnaire adaptation of the subjects strength exercises to increase the weight of the dumbbell, exercise load, the number of operations or adjustment of the number of groups to ensure the quality and effectiveness of the intervention. All of the subjects to maintain usual diet and physical activity habits. Intervention early and final fitness test, the people of Shanghai Physical Research Center, Japan combi series of physical tester and U.S. Holigic Sahara calcaneus bone density meter on the following indicators test: height, weight, body fat percentage, grip strength, back strength , lower limb explosive power, one leg stance, systemic reactions, one minute sit-ups, bone mineral density. SPSS17.0 software package for differences between the groups for independent samples T-test for paired samples T-test analysis, the differences within the group, p lt; 0.05 significance level. 1 changes in body shape indices: the weight of the intervention group increased by 61.02 ± 8.35kg to 61.65 ± 8.07kg, a significant difference (p lt; 0.01) statistical test; weight of the control group increased to 57.10 from 56.42 ± 7.78kg ± 7.88kg, statistical tests, a significant difference (p lt; 0.01); body fat from 36.20 ± 4.41% of the intervention group increased to 37.82 ± 5.53%, there was a significant difference (p Strength training, the intervention group relative grip force was 0.42 ± 0.07 kg, 0.39 ± 0.08 kg control group, no significant difference (p gt; 0.05) statistical test; intervention group relative back force of 0.58 ± 0.16 kg, was significantly greater than control group, 0.44 ± 0.18 kg (p lt; 0.01); the lower limb explosive force of the intervention group was 7.36 ± 2.40 kg, significantly greater than the control group, 5.16 ± 2.80 kg (p lt; 0.05) Indicators of change in bone mineral density: intervention groups Qui / Stiffness values ??increase by 61.23 ± 11.06 to 64.83 ± 13.73, a significant difference (p lt; 0.05) by the statistical test. The value of the control group qui / Stiffness no significant change (p gt; 0.05); BMD values ??after the intervention group by 0.311 ± 0.070 g / cm ~ 2 growth to 0.334 ± 0.087 g / cm ~ 2, the statistical test have significant difference ( p lt; 0.05). BUA value of the intervention and control groups and SOS values ??before the intervention did not change significantly (p gt; 0.05). Conclusion strength training can effectively enhance the quality of the power of middle-aged women. Power of intervention can improve the ability to respond to middle-aged women, but the balance needs to be further studied. Power to interfere bone hardness and increased bone mass in older women. The study and formulation of movement is feasible and effective, easy to spread.

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