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Research on Citizen Participation in Late Qing Dynasty’s Constitutional Reform

Author: ZhaoWeiWei
Tutor: MaJianHong
School: Shandong University
Course: Legal History
Keywords: Late Qing Dynasty Public participation Constitutionalism Reform
CLC: D929
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 125
Quote: 0
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Abstract


The last decade of the Qing government, as a rule entity of the death throes of the most intense decade, especially in the vigorous constitutional reform movement. During this period, people outside of the ruling class also joined in an unprecedented positive attitude to the historical trend, through the efforts of the various forms of real impact on the process of constitutional reform. This article is this perspective of deep concern for the \mechanisms and institutional contribution, comprehensive presentation of popular participation in the importance of promoting constitutional reform. At the same time, strive to provide inspiration for today's constitutional construction based on lessons learned. Structure, the paper is divided into four parts to start on the main content summary is as follows: The first part of the conceptual analysis and theoretical analysis. Through this analysis, I determined that the from concept of constitutionalism most essential - the establishment of a limited government, protection of citizens' rights to understand the constitutional reform. Participation of people defined as all the people outside of the Qing government, including intellectuals, gentry businessmen, industrial workers and farmers, the maximum guarantee a \Introduction of participatory democracy, aimed at building bridges between popular participation and democratic theory to fully understand the people involved in the profound value of constitutional reform and constitutional construction. The second part of the analysis of historical conditions. The part, the author is more comprehensive display of the Qing social in all aspects of economic, political, ideological, cultural, Qing social change actually subjectively and objectively provide for public participation in constitutional reform condition. The third part is the key part of the thesis, the main analysis and evaluation of the late Qing Dynasty in the form of popular participation in constitutional reform and results. By the examples cited, data and comparative analysis of the late Qing Dynasty people to participate in elections, freedom of association, of assembly, of public opinion, the petition, as well as local autonomy meticulous combing and commentary, the outcome and impact of the various forms of popular participation in constitutional reform objective summary, and then shows the popular participation in the constitutional value. The final epilogue focuses summarizes the historical significance of the late Qing Dynasty, popular participation in constitutional reform, that the series of political participation in activities of the late Qing Dynasty people enlightened sense of democracy, improve the ability to participate in politics, and ultimately accelerate the restructuring of the state power, constitutional reform and social The morphological changes in the way. In contemporary China, public participation has unique constitutional value, it is conducive to the realization of political civilization, the harmony of the socialist rule of law as well as the relationship between government and people. This inspired the author proposes, the contemporary constitutional construction should attach great importance to the power of the people, to institutionalize the procedural requirements of public participation to implement into practice.

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