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Convergence of human capital and the urban-rural income gap

Author: BaoShunWen
Tutor: YaoJianFeng
School: Yunnan University of Finance
Course: Labor Economics
Keywords: Human Capital Yunnan urban and rural areas Income gap convergence Income
CLC: F124.7;F224
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 125
Quote: 0
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Abstract


With the in-depth development of China's social and economic reality of the urban-rural income gap with sharp increasingly prominent. Currently, the income gap between urban and rural areas has become a most realistic including the Yunnan Provincial People's National People's one of the issues that most concern. Departure from this region of Yunnan, to make the of Yunnan rural and urban income gap converges, it must be thorough and systematic study of the problem of the urban-rural income gap in Yunnan, and objectively reflect the status of Yunnan urban-rural income gap, the causes for the actual situation in Yunnan Province propose appropriate measures to solve the problem. Improve the rural Yunnan human capital stock is to improve farmers' net income, effective way to promote urban and rural income convergence in Yunnan. Convergence of the urban-rural income gap not only means the improvement of farmers' income and faster economic development of the urban and rural areas, but also to achieve a balance between mean urban and rural human capital and labor can flow freely and reduce the degree of spillover of human capital in rural areas, but also allows the urban and rural economy better and faster development, increase the income of urban and rural residents, and the formation of a virtuous development cycle. Yunnan Province is located in the southwest border, minorities numerous geographical and cultural environment, of Yunnan rural and urban income gap convergence is also to promote the healthy development of the national economy of the province, maintaining border ethnic solidarity, and building a harmonious society, and the realization of the goal of building a moderately prosperous society significance. This paper is structured as follows: Chapter 1 is an introduction. This chapter describes the significance of the research background, the innovations of the paper; Chapter 2 for the theory of human capital in the income gap. Summary evaluation of the literature of the theory of human capital at home and abroad on the basis of the improvement of human capital may be one way of urban-rural income gap narrowed; Chapter 3 Yunnan urban-rural income gap between the current situation and its causes, and the urban-rural income The gap in human capital factor analysis; Chapter 4 is the convergence of research and policy recommendations to promote of Yunnan rural and urban income gap in human capital; Chapter 5 Conclusions and Prospects for this study. In this paper, the Theil coefficient analysis of indicators to measure the urban-rural income disparities in Yunnan Province, to describe the current situation of the urban-rural income gap in the region to explore the reasons for the gap formation. Then, starting from the point of view of human capital to the analysis of the of Yunnan rural and urban income gap. First human capital factors introduced by constructing a regression model to the analysis of the mutual relations of the Yunnan urban and rural areas by level of education, urban and rural employment and family size factors Yunnan urban-rural income gap in urban and rural income analysis. Analysis Yunnan argument the stock of human capital of the rural labor force, the level of impact is the main factor of the peasant family income, increase investment in rural education and to improve the health conditions in rural areas, will greatly improve labor productivity, increase farmers' income; spillover of human capital in rural areas. By urban and rural areas of human capital to flow to each other, to reduce the spillover of human capital in rural areas, thereby reducing the gap between urban and rural areas of human capital, narrowing the income gap of urban and rural residents in Yunnan. Studies show that Yunnan urban-rural income gap is widening overall, both nationwide and the urban-rural income ratio is higher than the national average, overall income gap between urban and rural residents in Yunnan performance gap between the urban and rural areas, and the causes of the problem The universality of reasons, there are special reasons Yunnan local. The solution to this problem is the most convenient, efficient measures will improve the stock of human capital in rural areas, to reduce the spillover of the human capital in rural areas, narrowing the gap between urban and rural human capital, improve the per capita net income of farmers, thereby promoting the Yunnan urban-rural income gap convergence.

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