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Yunnan urban-rural income gap and fiscal policies Empirical Study

Author: LiXiongJie
Tutor: ZhangLiHua
School: Yunnan University of Finance
Course: Finance
Keywords: Urban-rural income gap Kuznets inverted U-shaped verification Gini coefficient Regression Analysis Fiscal policy
CLC: F812.0;F224
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 188
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Since reform and opening, the income gap continued to widen sparked such as uneven distribution of social wealth, insufficient domestic demand, the equal distribution of income has gradually emergent as a major economic, social and even political issues. Community set off a wave of discussions income gap. In the \This paper selects Yunnan such a multi-ethnic, with the country's longest border agricultural province of urban and rural residents' income gap is the most studied objects in Yunnan on two levels for quantitative analysis of income distribution - starting with the per capita urban and rural areas of Yunnan Province income levels within each level were observed and analyzed, and then the data from the overall summary of the income gap between urban and rural areas be carried Kuznets inverted U-test to determine the income gap between urban and rural areas of Yunnan development status and future trends, which in turn uses the Gini coefficient to observe the size of urban and rural incomes, the overall income gap between urban and rural areas has been expanding this conclusion. The second level is the urban-rural income gap is divided into four parts, through nearly a decade of Yunnan rural-urban wage income ratio, operating income of urban and rural, urban and rural than four transfers and property income of urban and rural income levels affect indicators of statistical analysis, find out which is the most important factor. Then fiscal policy impact on the urban-rural income gap made statistical analysis, and finally from a quantitative point of view to identify existing problems and gives policy recommendations. This paper is divided into five parts unfold: the first chapter, Introduction. This paper introduces the research background and significance, then income distribution gap and fiscal policies on income distribution effects related research literature review conducted research at home and abroad, and finally introduces the idea of ??this research, research methods and possible innovation Department. Chapter II, income distribution and fiscal policy of the basic theory. First, the basic definition of the theory of income distribution, type, and the development process as well as the distribution of income measurement tools and methods to do the review, then fiscal policy on income distribution in the macro and micro effects are briefly described. Chapter III, Yunnan income gap between urban and rural residents and Fiscal Policy Analysis. First urban-rural income gap between the current situation of Yunnan were qualitative description and quantitative analysis showed that urban-rural income gap in Yunnan showed a rising trend, although in a short time will not be reduced, but the marginal rate stabilized. Affecting the underlying causes of the income gap is the wage income gap is too large. This paper focuses on the analysis of the location - the impact of fiscal policy, external causes found: fiscal expenditure, financial support for agriculture and rural social security expenditure can narrow the income gap; revenue side: Gap over the General Assembly to reduce the growth in revenue, and has lag. Chapter IV, Yunnan widening gap between urban and rural income tax reasons. Explained from two aspects of the cause of this disparity fiscal reasons, one aspect is based on the country's general causes, which is the institutional change and reform and opening up the inevitable historical reasons; Another aspect is based on the Yunnan special reasons, Yunnan Province is in the process of economic development, has exposed the widening income gap and taxation issues. Chapter V, narrowing the income gap between urban and rural areas of Yunnan fiscal policy. Through the above analysis, put forward the corresponding narrowing the income gap between urban and fiscal policies and recommendations.

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