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Kissinger’s Diplomatic Outlook and Its Influence upon the Nixon Administration’s China Policy

Author: LvXue
Tutor: LiZhiDong
School: PLA Foreign Languages ??Institute
Course: English Language and Literature
Keywords: Nixon administration Kissinger China policy Diplomatic Thoughts International system International order Nixon Doctrine Governing theory U.S. foreign policy Sino-US relations
CLC: D871.29
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2001
Downloads: 433
Quote: 1
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Abstract


Sino-US Shanghai Communique signed marking the two countries from 1972 up to 20 years of hostility toward detente. Contact why the Nixon administration chose instead to continue to isolate China? The Nixon administration's China policy is based on what kind of theory based on it? In order to solve these problems, we conducted a preliminary exploration of the theoretical basis of the Nixon administration's China policy. As Nixon's national security adviser, Henry Kissinger made a huge contribution to the relaxation of the Sino-US relations. He was not only involved in the process of easing of Sino-US relations, and his diplomatic thinking provides a theoretical basis for the formulation of the Nixon administration's China policy. Kissinger's diplomatic thinking mainly includes two parts: a political philosophy (politicalphilosophy) the governing theory (view on statecraft). Kissinger's political philosophy from his three philosophers - Spengler (Spengler) of Toynbee (Toybnee) and Kant (Kant) - thought. Kissinger opposed to historical determinism, believe that the impetus to push history forward choices and decisions. Kissinger believes that the historical significance lies in the understanding of the development process of the historical events, but rather to grasp in this process is how to make choices and decisions. Kissinger also should be history study of international politics, but this does not mean simply to apply, but to use the analogy to the historical experience and lessons learned in the application to go to the new situation. Kissinger and State core is to explore the establishment of a stable international order, the main building of this order depends on the major powers recognized and accepted its legitimacy. Legitimacy means that all the major powers to accept a system of international order, and the conflict between them is limited in this system, instead of seeking to overthrow the existing system. If the revolutionary countries seek to the vertebral turn the existing international order to achieve a stable international order is to establish a new international system, including all the major powers, including, in this case and the interests of all the great powers of the international system is crucial, it will not only include them in the new international system, but also can prevent them to make behavior detrimental to the international order. In addition, Kissinger also believes that countries with different ideologies can coexist with the same into the international system, the establishment of the international order and the choice of the leader and efforts are inseparable. Kissinger and State of the nineteenth century, two European statesman Metternich metternich) and Castres tired Castlereagh) comes mainly from the study of a foreign practice. Kissinger to his diplomatic ideological basis, proposed a series of recommendations for U.S. foreign sixties face the actual situation of the domestic and international. The core of these recommendations is to appeal to the new U.S. government is committed to the establishment of the one led by the United States, including all major powers, including the new international order. Kissinger to promote the use of diplomacy to encourage the method, rather than the use of force other countries into the international system. As long as the international order is vital to the interests of all the great powers, the United States established and led the international system will remain stable. Kissinger's diplomatic thoughts and his recommendations on U.S. foreign policy during the Nixon administration has been widely used, and became the theoretical basis of the Nixon administration's China policy. Kissinger's diplomatic thoughts can have a huge impact on the Nixon administration's foreign policy by the child first, Kissinger occupying a position in the Nixon administration, he has served as national security adviser and secretary of state, and was given a great deal of diplomatic rights ; second, Henry Kissinger and President Nixon's diplomatic thinking very similar; Third, Kissinger both that political theorists also the home of diplomatic practice, he participated in almost all major diplomatic activity during the Nixon administration, and in these play an important role in the activities; fourth, Kissinger and Nixon to secret diplomacy over the huge bureaucracy, develop creative policies is essential; fifth, Kissinger bit as a senior scholar Nixon The formulation of the foreign policy of the government to provide theoretical support for the system. The new look of American foreign policy, the establishment of a common design of Nixon and Kissinger. The stable peace bucket frame \allies partnership, implementation of detente with the Soviet Union and China, to withdraw troops from Vietnam, and ultimately the end of the Vietnam War, as well as to consolidate the status of the United States in the Middle East. Kissinger's diplomatic thinking not only from the overall impact of the Nixon administration's foreign policy, but also for Nixon the theoretical basis for the formulation of government policy toward China. Kissinger's diplomatic thinking in three main areas affecting the Nixon administration's China policy. First, Kissinger's diplomatic thinking in countries with different ideologies can views coexist in the same international system as a premise of the Nixon administration's China contact. previous ideological differences led to China and the United States with more than two decades of hostility, however, the Nixon administration began its China policy and ideology decoupling, which is an important prerequisite for the development of Sino-US relations. Secondly, Kissinger believes that a stable international system should include all of the major powers, including, therefore integrate China into the international system designed in the United States and maxillary guide into the Nixon administration The main purpose of the Chinese policy Nixon and Kissinger that China into the international system will be conducive to world peace and stability. Finally, Kissinger other big countries in the international system should make the international system through diplomatic means their interests is essential, in this view, under the influence of the Nixon administration d beneficially balanced (balance of interests), and the balance of power (balance ofpowe r) the balance of interests is in contact with the Chinese as specific measures for the development of relations with China. when the United States follow the principle of seeking common ground while reserving differences between the two countries asked the \the three

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