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A Contrastive Analysis of Chinese and English News Discourses from a CDA Perspective

Author: XuJiaZuo
Tutor: ChenMingYao
School: Zhejiang Technology and Business University
Course: Foreign Linguistics and Applied Linguistics
Keywords: Critical Discourse Analysis Three Metafunction The Fei 3D model News discourse Ideology Power relations
CLC: H15
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 280
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Critical discourse analysis, the rise in the late 1970s, early 1980s, a discourse analysis mode, a new branch of modern linguistics, its source is critical linguistics. Critical discourse analysis primarily through the relationship between the forms of discourse analysis study of discourse, power and ideology, designed to study how the text in the social, political and cultural environment in the production and recycling of power, control and inequality. Critical discourse analysis of the combination of discourse analysis as a multidisciplinary perspective, more and more of the field of linguistics and different disciplinary backgrounds of scholars concern. This thesis is mainly to three systemic functional grammar of Halliday Metafunction as the theoretical basis, the three levels of text, discursive practice and social practice starting from Fairclough, the news media of the United States and China on the Toyota recall door \This paper is mainly to solve three problems: (1) Chinese-English language features of news discourse and its implicit ideology; (2) how the discourse is the discourse practice through the selection and organization of the lexical grammar, able to generate, spread and the role of ideology; (3) how the news discourse reflects its relationship with power and ideology. Three questions around three dimensions to commence relatively independent in close contact. The study language analysis tools the the Halliday three Metafunction main transitivity, classification, conversion, modality, theme, and other aspects of the news discourse in the quantitative analysis on the basis of a large number of Chinese-English text level comparative analysis. Second, to borrow Xin Bin the intertextuality categories from specific intertextuality and genre combination of perspectives intertextuality corpus sources, speech reporting and the conversion of the main location of quantitative and qualitative analysis. Finally, the first two questions on the basis of qualitative analysis of the relationship between discourse and power relations and ideology. Comparative analysis of four Chinese news reports and four English news reports corpus, we find: China and the United States have focused on media reports Toyota recalls. Chinese media tend to report the reaction of the Toyota and the U.S. government and media events, rarely mentioned in the Chinese media, the government or the consumer's attitude, the the Toyota party accused showed a more tolerant attitude. U.S. media in the incident, a large number of reports denounced the U.S. government and consumers for Toyota, the description wording Toyota mostly negative news discourse reflects the relative strength of the U.S. government the power relations. By the above theory expounded and news reports of instances analysis, this article on the one hand to verify the applicability of critical discourse analysis of Chinese news, on the other hand, by revealing the power and ideology of the role of language, this article attempts to help readers cultivate a critical reading new method to improve the sensitivity of the implicit ideology in news discourse, and read news of different countries and different media to enhance the judgment, so as to prevent the manipulation of seemingly objective and neutral language and misleading.

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CLC: > Language, writing > Chinese > Writing,rhetoric
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