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The Study on Village Community of the Western Europe

Author: ChenLiJun
Tutor: HouJianXin
School: Northeast Normal University
Course: World History
Keywords: Western Europe The Village Community Public Rights Village by-laws Village Meeting
CLC: K56
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 77
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Abstract


The village community which was the longest and the most basic forms of organization in Western society was considered as a primary organizations at the same time it played a very important role in development of medieval society in Western Europe. Through the diachronic studying on the village community in Western Europe, will help us reach a comprehensive understanding of rural society in Western Europe of the Middle Ages. Meanwhile, by detailed explanation of the village community of Western European, we have a better understanding that is, although village Community generated in Western Europe of the Middle Ages, but it have had a profound impact on modern Western democratic political and community organizationsAfter defined the basic characteristics of the village community in Western Europe, the paper pointed out, this public organization was the village-based, and had their own independent administration and management of personnel and norms of self-government units. Performance of its basic connotation of certain public rights, which included two meanings of public rights: the rights attached to land and participation in public affairs. The public participation rights of land is a foundation in public affairs, at the same time participation in public affairs is the right to own land on the protection of the public. After the disintegration of the manor, the village community to assume responsibility for managing rural life, village meeting took place of Manor Court, became the real power in the core of the village community, while members of the Community in the common struggle against the feudal lords, and further strengthen the internal unity. With the power of Western Europe, the general growth of individual farmers, farmers within the division and the rise of nation-state, prompted the village community of Western Europe towards the end of the decline.The thesis is divided into three parts: The first part is an introduction, mainly in the summary of the situation on the basis of domestic and foreign research to clarify the value and significance of this study, and pointed out the overall framework of the thesis structure and research methods used, so as to full text of the paper laid the academic background. The second part is the main part of the paper which was formed by seven chapters. The first chapter, on the basis of analysis of domestic and foreign scholars’views put forward the basic characteristics of the village community and the basic content, and then described the formation of the village community and the relationship between the public land system and the village community. The second chapter focuses on the era of the village community estate. First, on the basis of a clear relationship between the village and estate, through analysis of the village official, manor courts, and frankpledge, to further clarify the internal structure of the village community. The third chapter discusses the village community has the legal, security, taxation and military service and other functions, which sets out the village community in the manor in the era of rural life play an important role. ChapterⅣfocuses on the village by-laws of the village community. Through the description of village by-laws, its content and wardern in detail that village by-laws had expounded played important role of the village life in the Middle Ages of Western Europe, and pointed out the democratic and autonomous factors. ChapterⅤdiscussed after the dissolution of the manor, the social development of village community’s influential role in Western Europe, pointed out that the village community did not decline with the disintegration of the manor, but continued to play in village life organizer role. ChapterⅥfocuses on the decline of the village community. Through analyzed the forfeit of villagers public right, had expounded the village community declines symbol as well as immanent cause. ChapterⅦdiscussed the governance of modern Western European country factors inherent in the community. Through to the modern Western Europe village’s management structure and the function inspection, has pointed out the village community to the modern Western Europe village government material effect.The third part is more than theory. Focused on the village community of modern Western society have far-reaching influences.

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CLC: > History, geography > European History > Western Europe
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