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The Research on Chinese Allusion Expressions

Author: ZuoWenXiang
Tutor: TangZiHeng
School: Shandong University
Course: Chinese Philology
Keywords: Allusions words Lexicalization Source Code Form Structure Semantics Pragmatic
CLC: H136.3
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 910
Quote: 15
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Abstract


Colorful Chinese culture allusions, in allusion allusion formed on the basis heritage huge number of words, enriching the Chinese system. However, in previous studies, people's attention more than allusion allusion words, cultural perspective than the language perspective, for allusions word formation process, structure, semantics and pragmatics constitutes a comprehensive study of the characteristics of insufficient. In this paper, \theories and knowledge from the perspective of the Chinese vocabulary of words allusions dynamic form, such as a static presence comprehensive study were compared in order to interpret scientific allusions informative words. Idea of ??writing this article is to introduce the research object, the object that forms the body of analysis, structural analysis, semantic analysis and pragmatic analysis, is an elementary distributed logical order. Formed by the allusion allusion words, can be said to be a word of the process. In terms of theory, based on the last time we were comparing allusions word comparison with ordinary words, allusions to a comprehensive study of the words form, structure, semantics and pragmatics. Body comprises a total of seven chapters: The first chapter is the introduction, the introduction of object parts. This chapter consists of two parts, the first part of the relevant terms and concepts are defined and compared, including allusions, allusions words, allusions, and the respective corresponding typical surface, typical shape. Meanwhile, the section also allusions words and idioms, twisters, idioms, etc. read briefly compare the study more accurate positioning, target more clearly. The second part of this chapter reviews the history of research for this project, from the general overview on the current research, this study highlights the value of space and positioning. Following in this review creative ideas from the research point of view, research methods and other aspects of the article were prospected and preset creation. The second chapter is a typical source and typical source literature. Source Code allusions words, though not the body, but allusions to the relevant parts of words, but words are closely related with allusions can be said that research is inseparable from typical sources of allusions words. Source Code to leave, allusions words became a source of water, a tree without roots, research will not start, it is typical to be the source of this necessity lies. Elaborating on the necessity, we specifically detailed statistics typical source conditions. Form words from a story typical source corresponding to the number of point sources into single and multi Dian Dian source of two kinds, one typical case the source is relatively simple, but more typical source is relatively complex, but also synonymous with the shape of the typical multi-source, different meaning of the same shape and more typical sources, synonyms and more typical sources combined form, typically there are more typical and typical source, because the source text and other reasons, many typical five cases. From a typical point source corresponding number of words divided into a source and a source of multi-word term are two words also includes a multi-source multi-word synonyms and multi-word different meaning. In a typical source of literature, through the words of the story out of all the literature, age and frequency statistics, the source for the typical number of words between literature and allusions law summarized in four points: the number of words in the story sooner or later, the number and age of the relationship between the general on proportional; allusions words the number and type of literature is roughly inversely proportional; Wei, Tang and Song periods of three species although a sudden increase in the literature, but not contrary to the laws of allusions words appear (ie, the later era, literature fewer words the less); same words a typical source of the story is often more documented. In addition, this chapter also constitutes a typical source documents for a simple analysis of subjective and objective conditions. The third chapter is the story of the words in the form of research. Involvement from the beginning of this chapter allusions word ontology research, starting from formal allusions to study vocabulary words and expressions of the process after the completion of the case. First, how much will be in accordance with the number of syllables divided into two-syllable word story, three syllables, four syllables, five syllables and many other types, so that the external form of the words allusions features more clear. Secondly, involved in the formation of allusions word problems, from speech, stories and other texts in the form of allusions to allusions words, this is a process of forming words. More concerned with the current academic vocabulary research, we believe that the formation of the words are also allusions lexicalization process, and on the vocabulary Motives are explored, including allusions to its own characteristics, pragmatics, cognitive psychology and human language system The self-adjustment and other aspects. Finally, the chapter on the story of the process of the words in the vocabulary words of characteristics, processes and pathways, and several other aspects of the system described. Glossary of terms is mainly characterized vocabulary words from the story of the contribution system for Chinese vocabulary and allusions word vocabulary of the general vocabulary of different words to talk about the two angles, the latter of which can best reflect its uniqueness. Allusions word vocabulary of the process is a contains information extraction, information processing and cognitive processes of information transmission. Articles from two perspectives on word pathway, analyzed: First, from motives into likened the word metonymy into words, using a word such as anti-; second is from the specific technique is divided into interception, extraction and transformation of three Large areas have detailed classification of each method. The fourth chapter is the story structure of words. This chapter allusions words deep into the internal structure and carried out analysis and deconstruction. This chapter consists of two parts, the first part is the story of the structural characteristics of the words had said, from a macro perspective in the form of words and allusions and semantics were compared in terms of characteristics, including (a) status from the property, (two) structure uniqueness, (three) structure type diversity (four) structure and typical source separated four aspects. The second part is the analysis of a specific configuration. Because the words in the form of allusions uniqueness, we first words from the theory of the structure of the story is divided into word type, phrases and sentences type type, and then according to the theory of Chinese lexicology type the word type words and phrases that make up the way for classification, called lexical methods, including the additional morphological and compounding two kinds. Also compounding the branch type, statement, even predicate, partial formal, joint type, the fill-in, Bin former type, style and language, type and number of specific types of ten categories, including former Penn previous formula is a breakthrough in research, but also on structural classification of Chinese words as a supplement. Type the words in the sentence syntactic relations into a single sentence and complex sentence two basic types. Single sentence that was divided mainly single sentence and non-verb single sentence; complex sentence is divided into causality, hypothesized relationships, turning relationship between the conditions, the joint relationship, to undertake relationship, select the relationship, and that relationship of eight types. Structural analysis is complete, the article briefly the structure of the law of allusions words summed up three points: First, the structure and the way how many syllables forms related species, two-syllable words are different, the structural emphasis on different ways, three ways from the structure can be probe into prototypes. Chapter V is the allusion of semantic research. This chapter three aspects, one is there to say allusions macro perspective of semantic features, including: (a) semantic dominant position, (two) semantic derivation, (three) produced by chance and semantic subjectivity (four) semantic stability, (five) implicit semantics explicit, (six) semantic social, (seven) semantic flexibility. Second, drawing on results of previous studies on the basis of semantic combinations allusions from the typical sources that the information obtained is analyzed, including taking a person to take things to take place, extracts and ten other types. Third, from a dynamic perspective allusions vocabulary words before and after the development of semantic changes were studied. Lexical semantics of the process to obtain a source of health conditions including a justice, an ambiguous and multi Primal Primal a righteous vocabulary of words after the story, including the evolution of semantic meaning to expand, meaning and significance of the transfer shrink. The sixth chapter is Pragmatic Study allusions words. This chapter focuses on the story of the words of the efficacy and pragmatic pragmatic features two aspects. Pragmatic effects on the Chinese system of allusions words the role and effect of two specific pragmatic perspective on Chinese system, the role is reflected in: (a) enriched the Chinese vocabulary system. (Two) for the inheritance and development of Chinese played an important role. (Three) words allusion is to connect language and imagery of the symbols. Allusions words specific pragmatic effect is mainly reflected in its rhetorical role, such as enhanced artistic expression, so that language subtle euphemism. Allusions words pragmatic features include; (a) there is a specific allusion word usage requirements. (Two) story is based on the use of the term human cognitive psychology based on commonality. (Three) Code should be used to put the words in principle. (Four) allusions highly subjective use of the term. (Five) terms used in the specific use of allusions, there are different from the grammatical restrictions. (Six) allusions word is used with different degrees of familiarity. Chapter VII is a summary of this article, also discussed how to properly treat the problem allusions words, the article pointed out the need to watch the Marxist scientific development of this special vocabulary words to be allusions groups, we must see its historic, esoteric sex, but also to see the vivid, colorful nature, to inherit and carry forward China's rich cultural allusions, rational use of allusions to the words of this vast linguistic groups. This paper attempts to use linguistics, modern Chinese theories and some of the new academic point of view to systematically explain allusions words this phenomenon is not a new language, trying to make a scientific, standardized, there are inheritance, there is a breakthrough. Due to limited time and energy, inadequacies please Fang correction.

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CLC: > Language, writing > Chinese > Semantics,vocabulary, word meaning ( exegesis ) > Modern vocabulary > Sayings
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