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Study on the Sources of EU Constitution-building Crisis

Author: LuoXiao
Tutor: NiShiXiong
School: Fudan University
Course: International relations
Keywords: EU constitutional crisis European Integration Economic benefits European Identity Geopolitical Sovereignty transfer
CLC: D99
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 656
Quote: 2
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Abstract


May 2005-June, the EU Constitutional Treaty has been rejected in a referendum in France and the Netherlands, the EU Constitutional crisis, the constitutional process has since caught up to two years the period of reflection. In December 2007, the heads of EU member states signed a simplified version of the modifications of the EU Constitutional Treaty - Lisbon Treaty, the constitutional process to restart. EU Constitutional crisis is the process of European integration in the most serious and complex crisis, it is the integration in the face of a concentrated reflection of directional selection stage various contradictions, and institutional barriers facing the development of European integration and the future direction of Thinking. Microscopic events from the EU constitutional crisis, the interpretation of the development of the European integration process, to adopt comprehensive research methods, by means of theoretical analysis, historical analysis, empirical analysis, game analysis tools, the EU constitutional and European Integration Studies placed under the macro background of globalization, analyzes the the EU Constitutional frustrated roots elements, analysis of the nature of regional integration, and make analysis to determine the overall trend of the process of European integration. The EU barometer \Textual level, through the interpretation of the two versions of the EU constitution, the paper argues that the text of the EU Constitution Treaty itself there are a lot of flawed, unable to resolve the differences between long-standing member states of the EU accumulate, the EU's internal power struggle and contradictions. Although the introduction of the Lisbon Treaty will help to reform the EU's eastward expansion, but the alternative nature of the treaty precisely reflects the process of European integration is still intertwined with intergovernmentalism and supranationalism, economic integration and political integration, social mode selection, the deep-seated contradictions. The economic level, the current EU development face serious imbalance between the economic level of the Member States, economic strength imbalance caused by the demands of the differences, especially eastward expansion of financial conflicts of interest between the member states have intensified. Do national interests as national interests and European interests exist innate paradox in the constitutional system under the framework of the EU Constitutional Treaty, the EU's decision-making process of any of the difficult pursuit of the interests of the EU as a whole to maximize absolute fair, different policies and terms are always more inclined to representatives and contributed to a particular or the interests of certain countries and groups, and even some of the damage or potential damage to the interests of the other member states, which lead to the EU constitutional crisis economic base. The social level, the lack of European identity has increasingly become a bottleneck in the process of European integration. This article about the European and national identity Empirical proof of European identity is a complex, vague and difficult to define the concept of priority depending on the content of European identity and nation-state identity and a national. EU Constitutional Treaty in France and the Netherlands, people veto showed that the future development of European integration has been very difficult to advance to the treaty, but is more dependent on the recognition of the people of the Member States. View of the country in EU member states after the eastward expansion of homogeneity reduces the difference increases, the failure to obtain a greater degree of convergence as long as the countries in the indicators of economic and social model, even if the Lisbon Treaty has passed, its full implementation will remain faces many obstacles. Political level, this paper based on the geo-political position, analyzes of European integration \EU constitutional crisis reflects the EU from a more stable pattern of the Franco-German core into the joint pattern based on the interests among the member states, member states around the Troika different geopolitical Community, the European Union is caught in a \constitutional process played a discrete impact. Sovereign level, papers using game analysis method for interpretation of the EU's new constitution, alienation from the sovereignty of the nation-state level, the Constitutional crisis verify the EU remains at the intergovernmental stage mechanism, the national interest is still the choice for Member States to consider, one of only meet the interests of all member states under the expected conditions may smooth progress. In the long term, the EU will be a super-national factors become even more pronounced, deeper level of integration of regional international organizations, rather than a federal state in the sense of international law. Papers on the causes of the crisis on the EU Constitutional Analysis on the basis of multi-dimensional integration resistance factors and motivating factors to make further explored. EU constitutional crisis fully exposed there loyalty transfer problems in the process of European integration, sovereignty transfer problem, goal differences of the Member States, the thought of the anti-globalization, transnational political parties, political interference and many obstacles, bears collective and individual conflicts of interest, conflict of interests of the big and small countries, the forerunner of the later conflict of interest, the conflict of interests of the elite and the people. Finally, proposed constitutional crisis does not blur the direction of the integration process of European integration irreversible; the face of economic globalization, the process of European integration is still only possible under the control of member states to deepen, and promote the integration of the basic driving force mainly due to: the effective integration of the magnetic field effect amplification and spread of nation-state of supranational regulation deepening dependence as well as national sovereignty transferring income increasing.

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