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Study on the construction of the Communist Party of China historical practice of anti-corruption political system based on the analysis of political ecological environment changes

Author: ZhuQingYue
Tutor: LuXiaoHe
School: Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences
Course: Marxism in China
Keywords: The CPC Anti-corruption Political System Political Ecological Environment Change
CLC: D262.6
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 2789
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Abstract


Researching on evolutional sources,experiences and lessons,internal rules of theCPC’s anti-corruption practice by using political ecology theory and method,whichwill helps to broaden breadth and depth of study on the CPC anti-corruption historicalpractice,and in practice is conducive to deeply promote the CPC’s anti-corruptionstruggle.This paper on “the history practice research on the CPC anti-corruptionpolitical system construction--based on the analysis of political ecologicalenvironment changes”,under the premise of adhering to the guidance of Marxism isattempt to focus on political ecology-based,and integrate systems approach,thestructure and function method,historical method and comparison method,seeks tointernal relation between life system engineering construction (that is the CPC’santi-corruption political system constitute) and changes of environmental system (thatis divided into outside environment system and within environment system,theformer is changes in the external economic, political culture,social conditions ascaused and prompted the CPC anti-corruption political system construction,the latteris these subsystems within the CPC’s power operation system,such as party culture,political socialization,political system,political relations and political behavior),and explore how to achieve and maintain the dynamic balance of the ecologicaldevelopment between life system and environmental system (that is,revealing somerules of the CPC’s anti-corruption political system construction).According the specific changes of the political environment,the CPC’s history ofMore than90years is divided into three long time period:revolution,construction andreform new period.Accordingly,the paper in the layout is divided into three part ofupper (revolution period,there are4chapters),middle (construction period,there are3chapters) and lower (reform new period,there are3chapters),a total of10chapters and a conclusion.PartⅠspecifically exploring historical practice in special revolution period whichthe CPC how to build the anti-corruption political system from the political culture,political socialization,political system,political behavior,political relations and otheraspects in order to prevent and curb power dissimilation and corruption acts,especially for induction of breeding deterioration ecological factors due to changes ofinternal and external ecological environment.The CPC’s anti-corruption political system in revolution period experienced a constructional history which there wereopening of1921-1927,preliminary exploration of1927-1937,mature of1937-1945and continue to perfect of1945-1949.On this basis,overview the features of theCPC’s anti-corruption political system construction in revolution period and givereasons.Specifically,this political system embodied a “positive” development path,such as the development of the party culture experienced from ideal to reality,valueration to the unification of value ration and tool ration;the development of thepolitical socialization experienced from contempt to pay attention to,from the deedstandard to personality form;the development of the political system experiencedfrom following to innovation,from decentralization to system;the development of thepolitical relations experienced from obey to guidance,hybrid to division;thedevelopment of the political behavior experienced from self-being to self-making,support to guide.There were the development of theoretical weapon in China forguidance on the anti-corruption political system construction,scientific analysis of theexternal environment basic characteristics,correct judgment of the main sources onpower dissimilation and corruption acts,dialectical treatment on some relations inpolitical system construction,which caused a “positive” development path of theCPC’s anti-corruption political system construction.The first chapter focuses on this historical practice during1921to1927of theparty’s establishment and the creation period,how to the CPC open the anti-corruptionpolitical system construction to prevent and curb the variety of corruption which wereinduced by invasion of deterioration ecological factors in this external ecologicalenvironment of the semi-colonial and semi-feudal society.This chapter is divided intotwo sections:the first quarter analyze in particular many ecological factors,especiallythe deterioration ecological factors in this external ecological environment of thesemi-colonial and semi-feudal society that affected on the party’s power running.Thesecond section focuses on this historical practice which the CPC opened theanti-corruption political system around invasion of deterioration ecological factors,from the party culture,political socialization, political system,political relations,political behavior,and give a objective historical evaluation.The second chapter focuses on this historical practice during1927to1937of theland revolution period,how to the CPC preliminary explore the anti-corruptionpolitical system construction to prevent and curb the variety of corruption whichinduced by invasion of deterioration ecological factors in this external ecological environment of the old and new shift of the base areas and the Soviet zone,andinternal environment system within the party’s power operation.This chapter isdivided into two sections:the first quarter analyze in particular many ecologicalfactors,especially the deterioration ecological factors that affected the party’s powerrunning in this external and internal ecological environment.One of the footholds ofanalysis on external environment system is the old and new changes in the base areaand the Soviet zone,and one of the references of analysis on internal environmentsystem is these impact of “leftist” and rightist mistakes and errors practice for theparty’s power operation.The second section elaborate this historical practice whichthe CPC preliminary explored the anti-corruption political system around invasion ofdeterioration ecological factors from the party culture,political socialization,politicalsystem, political relations, political behavior, and give a objective historicalevaluation.The third chapter focuses on this historical practice during1937to1945of theAnti-Japanese War period,how to the CPC realize the maturity of the anti-corruptionpolitical system construction to prevent and curb the variety of corruption which wereinduced by invasion of deterioration ecological factors in this external ecologicalenvironment of the Anti-Japanese base areas,and internal environment system withinthe party’s power operation.This chapter is divided into two sections:the first quarterspecifically analyze many ecological factors,especially the deterioration ecologicalfactors that affected the party’s power running in this external and internal ecologicalenvironment.One of the footholds of analysis on external environment system isthese impact of the coexistence of old and new social features in the Anti-Japanesebase areas,and one of the reference of analysis on internal environment system isthese impact of many “impurity” by the party’s power operation due to the party’slegitimacy was recognized and particular task was conferred.The second sectionelaborate this historical practice which the CPC maturely explored the anti-corruptionpolitical system construction around invasion of deterioration ecological factors fromthe party culture,political socialization,political system,political relations,politicalbehavior,and give a objective historical evaluation.The fourth chapter focuses on this historical practice during1945to1949of theliberation war period, how to the CPC realize continued perfection of theanti-corruption political system to prevent and curb the variety of corruption whichinduced by invasion of deterioration ecological factors in this external ecological environment of the liberated areas,and internal environment system within the party’spower operation. This chapter is divided into two sections:the first quarterspecifically analyze many ecological factors,especially the deterioration ecologicalfactors that affected the party’s power running in this external and external ecologicalenvironment.One of the footholds of analysis on external environment system isthese impact between old and new social rapid replacement in the liberation areas, andone of the reference of analysis on internal environment system is these impact ofmany shortcomings in the party’s power operation due to could not adapt to the party’sstatus and the duty shift.The second section elaborate this historical practice whichthe CPC continued to perfectly explore the anti-corruption political system aroundinvasion of deterioration factors from the party culture,political socialization,political system,political relations,political behavior,and give a objective historicalevaluation.Summary:the focus on logic of the evolution path and the overall reason aboutparty culture,political socialization,political system,political relations and politicalbehavior within the party’s anti-corruption political system construction practice in the28year of the revolution,which shows a feature of “positive” development path.Part Ⅱspecifically exploring historical practice at the different stages of theconstruction period which the CPC how to build a anti-corruption political systemparty from the political culture,socialization of politics,political system,politicalbehavior, political relations and other aspects,in order to prevent and curb powerdissimilation and corruption acts,especially for induction of breeding deteriorationecological factors due to internal and external changes of ecological environment.Inconstruction period the CPC’s anti-corruption political system experienced aconstructional history from1949-1956for initial building,1956-1966as the twistsand to1966-1978in the course of a error.On this basis,overview the features of theCPC’s anti-corruption political system construction in construction period and givereasons for interpretation.Specifically,this political system embodied a “inversestate” development path,such as in political culture experienced a transformationfrom the revolutionary spirit kernel to revolution behavior concept; politicalsocialization experienced a transformation from the blinding of the communistpolitical personality to the worship of the leader personality; political systemexperienced a transformation from construction to overall lack;political relationsexperienced a transformation from the party dominant to the party dominated; political behavior experienced a transformation from order to disorder.There werethe dogmatic understanding of theoretical weapon for guidance on the anti-corruptionpolitical system construction,errors of judgment on basic characteristics of theexternal environment and the main sources on power dissimilation and corruptionacts,absolute using some successful experience on constructed the anti-corruptionpolitical system in revolution period,which caused a “inverse state” developmentpath.The fifth chapter focuses on this historical practice during1949to1956of thepreparatory stage of socialist constructing period,how to the CPC realize initially theanti-corruption political system construction under an preliminary ruling condition toprevent and curb the variety of corruption which were induced by invasion ofdeterioration ecological factors in this external ecological environment of thepreparatory stage of socialist constructing period,and internal environment systemwithin the party’s power operation.This chapter is divided into two sections:the firstquarter specifically analyze many ecological factors,especially the deteriorationecological factors that affected the party’s power running in this external and internalecological environment.One of the footholds of analysis on external environmentsystem is these impact of the remnant of semi-colonial and semi-feudal social,and thesemi–old factors in new democratic society;and one of the reference of analysis oninternal environment system is these impact of many shortcomings in the party’spower operation due to could not adapt to these changes of the party position,theparty building environment and the party task.The second section elaborate thishistorical practice which the CPC initially constructed the anti-corruption politicalsystem around invasion of deterioration factors,from the party culture,politicalsocialization,political system,political relations,political behavior,and give aobjective historical evaluation.The sixth chapter focuses on this historical practice during1949to1956of thecomprehensive exploration of the socialist construction period,how to the CPCcontinue to construct the anti-corruption political system in full the conditions ofgovernance to prevent and curb the variety of corruption,which were induced byinvasion of deterioration ecological factors in this external ecological environment ofthe socialist construction comprehensive exploration period and internal environmentsystem of the party’s power operation.This chapter is divided into two sections:thefirst quarter specifically analyze many ecological factors,especially the deterioration ecological factors that affected the party’s power running in this external and internalecological environment.One of the footholds of analysis on external environmentsystem is these impact under the guidance of the principle of “class struggle” since1957anti-rightist expanded;and one of the references of analysis on internalenvironment system is these impact of the guiding ideology of “left” errors to theparty’s power operation.The second section elaborate this historical practice whichthe CPC continued to the anti-corruption political system in full the conditions ofgovernance around invasion of deterioration ecological factors from the party culture,political socialization,political system,political relations,political behavior,and givea objective historical evaluation. Using “zigzag” to define characteristics ofanti-corruption political system construction in this period,because there was aerroneous anti-corruption political system construction under the guidance of a set oferroneous ideas as hiding within the party power operation,and ultimately replacedthe right.The seventh chapter focuses on this historical practice during1966to1978of theTen-Year “Culture Revolution” period and two years of “wandering” period,the CPCfail to adjust and construct the anti-corruption political system under the guidance of“left” errors thought in a control overall or dominant position.And it showed that theanti-corruption political system suppressed corrupt phenomenon and behavior to thelower limit,and could not fundamentally achieve the purpose of preventing andcurbing corruption because the system existed many flaws and defects in itself.Inaddition,under the guidance of right theory,the health force within the party begun toattempt correction from the power of the party’s guiding ideology,the party’s power tothe developmental level of the people’s objective meaning,the rules of the party’spower operation,the main building of the party’s power,supervision mode of theparty’s power,hoped to realize the normative and orderly of the party’s poweroperation.Summary:the focus on logic of the evolution path and the overall reason aboutparty culture,political socialization,political system,political relations and politicalbehavior within the party’s anti-corruption political system in the construction period,which shows a “inverse state” development path feature.Part Ⅲ:specifically exploring historical practice at the different stages of thereform new period which the CPC how to build a anti-corruption political systemparty from the political culture,socialization of politics,political system,political behavior,political relations and other aspects,in order to prevent and curb powerdissimilation and corruption acts,especially for induction of breeding deteriorationecological factors due to internal and external ecological environment changes.TheCPC’s anti-corruption political system in reform new period experienced aconstructional history from1978-1992for initial building,1992-2002as continue toadapt to build,and belongs to a depth adjusting construction process since2002;At the same time the trend of the corruption in which embodied a general “two headlow,middle high” at the three specific stages,and a strange phenomenon whichcorruption and anti-corruption were in a balance state will be explained.Specifically,this political system embodied a “depth” development path,such as in politicalculture experienced a transformation from adhering to science of the guiding ideologyto the unity of science and human nature;political socialization experienced atransformation from sticking to the tool of a clean government culture construction tothe unity of tool and objective;political system experienced a transformation fromadhere to the security function of the system to the unity of protective function andpreventive function;political relations experienced a transformation from democraticrule of law to the unity of democracy and the rule of law and scientific;politicalbehavior experienced a transformation from punishing corruption to the unity ofpunishing and preventing corruption, and the masses to participate in theanti-corruption system construction from broadening the channel to the unity ofbroadening the channel and protecting the rights.However,due to these deteriorationecological factors had the complexity of type and system,and could not fully adjustthe anti-corruption political system construction to the political ecological changes,which shown to “incomplete coupling” interact with the environment changes.The eighth chapter focuses on this historical practice during1978to1992of thenew situation in the reform and create a period,how to the CPC preliminary realizethe anti-corruption political system construction to prevent and curb the variety ofcorruption which were induced by invasion of deterioration ecological factors in thisexternal ecological environment and internal environment system within the party’spower operation. This chapter is divided into two sections:the first quarterspecifically analyze many ecological factors,especially these deterioration ecologicalfactors that affected the party’s power running in external and internal ecologicalenvironment. Which deterioration ecological factors within external ecologicalenvironment were mainly induced by imperfect new system and remnant of old system in preliminary transformation of new and old systems;deterioration ecologicalfactors within internal ecological environment were mainly the legacy of the “CultureRevolution” movement,drawbacks of traditional power operation system,immatureand imperfect parts and links because the party’s power operation could not adapt tothese changes of external ecological environment.The second section elaborate thishistorical practice the CPC preliminary constructed the anti-corruption politicalsystem around invasion of deterioration ecological factors in the reform and createperiod from the party culture,political socialization,political system,politicalrelations,political behavior,and give a objective historical evaluation.The ninth chapter focuses on this historical practice during1992to2002of thecomprehensive establishing socialist market economy period,how to the CPCcontinue to adjust the anti-corruption political system to prevent and curb the varietyof corruption which were induced by invasion of deterioration ecological factors inthis external ecological environment,and internal environment system within theparty’s power operation.This chapter is divided into two sections:the first quarterspecifically analyze many ecological factors,especially the deterioration ecologicalfactors that affected the party’s power running in this external and external ecologicalenvironment.One of the footholds of analysis on external environment system wasthese impact of immature and imperfect parts of new system,and one of the referenceof analysis on internal environment system is these impact of many shortcomings inthe party’s power operation due to could not adapt to these changes of externalecological environment.The second section elaborate this historical practice the CPCcontinued to adjust the anti-corruption political system around invasion ofdeterioration ecological factors in the comprehensive establishing socialist marketeconomy period from the party culture,political socialization,political system,political relations,political behavior,and give a objective historical evaluation.The tenth chapter focuses on this historical practice in the consolidating andperfecting socialist market economy period since2002,how to the CPC continue todeeply adjust and bulid the anti-corruption political system to prevent and curb thevariety of corruption which were induced by invasion of deterioration ecologicalfactors in this external ecological environment and internal environment systemwithin the party’s power operation.This chapter is divided into two sections:the firstquarter specifically analyze many ecological factors,especially the deteriorationecological factors that affected the party’s power running in this external and external ecological environment.In which outer environment presents a feature that newsystem factors were in a state of already construction but did not fully finish and yetnon-mature,non-perfect;the old system factors generally were in a state of exit butsome links and some parts still existed residual factors.There were many immatureand imperfect factors of the new system and residual factors of the old system ininternal environment,which affected the CPC ’s power operation.The second sectionelaborate this historical practice the CPC continued to deeply adjust and structure theanti-corruption political system around invasion of deterioration ecological factors inthe comprehensive establishing socialist market economy period from the partyculture,political socialization,political system,political relations,political behavior,and give a objective historical evaluation.Summary:the focus on logic of the evolution path and the overall reason aboutparty culture,political socialization,political system,political relations and politicalbehavior within the party’s anti-corruption political system in the reform new period,which shows a “depth” development path feature which non-full coupled withenvironment changes.Conclusion:the focus abstracting or generalizing out some commonness or the“rules” from relation both the political system construction and political ecologyenvironment changes, and the anti-corruption political system construction initself.These “rules” will contribute to scientifically understand historical practice ofthe CPC anti-corruption,and provide some guiding significances and reference valueson anti-corruption in reality.These “rules” reflect:the varied political environmentdetermines which the structure of the anti-corruption political system does not onceand for all;the building of the anti-corruption political system is correct or not whichdepends critically on the scientific judgment on the content of political and ecologicalenvironment in the specific period;in a phase the adjustment and construction of thepolitical system is based on developing the useful and discarding the useless inrelevant to some contents of the anti-corruption political system construction inprevious stage;in each specific period the adjustment and construction of theanti-corruption political systems in itself is the gradual deepening process which willdealing with a lot of the dialectical relationship.

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